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impact of german unification and beginning of WW1.docx
impact of german unification and beginning of WW1.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

German unification and beginning of WW1 Unification of Germany changed the balance of power in EuropeWar of 1870 France was unable to recover leaders wanted to change FranceOtto Von Bismarck wanted to build a security system built a network of alliances safety was the cornerstone of his thinkingGerman ambassadors in Moscow wanted a NaziSoviet alliance 3 emperors league Alexander II WilhelmI Franz Joseph I met to talk about international relations Congress of Berlin disbanded 3 emperors 3 and san Stefano treaty declared void humiliation for RussiaRussians hated British were angry at Bismarck and were now using Jews as scapegoatAlso began growing economically and began implementing tariffs to protect their growing industryGerman implemented their own tariffs in response to this and began refusing Russian money at the German stock exchange and banned the import of Russian grain and cattleBismarck did not like the antiRussian sentiment of the German peopleBismarck wanted to revive 3 emperors league in an attempt to form a better relationship with Russia 1879 AustrianGerman alliance Italy added in 1882WW1 and WW2 all took place in east central EuropeEast central Europe became centre for European affairs Balkan warsBalkan conflict First eastern crisis concluded by the Congress of berlin Initially Germany didnt participate initially th 20 cent Germany took interest wanted a railway from berlin through Balkans to Bagdad Bosnia Herzegovina occupied by Austriahungary in 1870sAustria and Russia wanted to religiously and economically control the Balkans Russian Serbian and Montenegrin relations grew stronger bc of orthodoxy 1881 secret alliance between Serbia and Austria Serbia recognized as a kingdom received lots of money as wellAustrians advised serbs to expand into Macedonia Russians and Bulgarians worked closer in response to the SerbianAsutrian alliance Romania signed special treaty with Germany and Austria because they were afraid of Russian dominationGeography of Balkans protect ethnicities Complicated ethnic and religious structure Wilhelm the first dies followed by his son who is followed by Wilhelm the second who felt that Germanys goals should not be limited to just Europe
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