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Lecture 7

June 8th Lecture 7- Diplomatic Revolution-Summer

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University of Toronto St. George
Vasilis Dimitriadis

Lecture # 7 - Last Class: Treaty of Utrecht: Balance of power is recognized as an important aspect of security in the state and no state can manage without it in the next 20 years, checks and balances were integrated into the system of the state to ensure its survival > the barrier treaty bw Austria and the Dutch republic > this treaty put pressure on France so Austria and the Dutch supported by Britain pressured France to give them the succession crisis both in France and in Britain (Queen Anne and Louis XIV died) and both needed stability and the result was the triple alliance in 1717 bw Britain, France and the Dutch > they put pressure on Spain and Austria, two states that were disappointed by the treaty of Utrecht the Quadruple Alliance = Britain, France, Dutch and Austria put pressure on Spain and these are all checks and balances and it made sure that not one state could act freely or else there would be a coalition this was secured for the next 20 years - By the 1740s there was dramatic upheaval in Europe based on one states desire in the next 40 years and that is Prussia which was a second ranked state why would Frederick attack? = the main territory East and West Russia was separated by several kilometres and never would a state feel secure in such a situation > you need compact territory in order to run and defend it better and these are the reasons to start the war of the Austrian succession by Fredrick in 1740 his assessment of international relations? = the moment for a golden opportunity for Prussia > Maria Teresa gain Habsburg territories already challenged by Bavaria and Saxony and these two challenges allowed Frederick to hide behind them and pre-empt them Why Silesia? It gave them 30% more territory for Prussia and it was the treasure chest of the Habsburg empire and he launched an attack in December 1740 catching Austria by surprise he was successful in pulling it off and Silesia becomes part of Prussia in 8 years of war, Frederick actually enters the war twice and pulls out and Prussia manages to fulfill their objectives with a short military campaign while all over states fought for 8 years When the French, Bavaria and Saxon coalition did well against Vienna and Maria Teresa and he pulled out and left Maria Teresa to recover with British subsidiaries, to turn the military fortunes to her own advantage defeating Bavaria and Saxony and French pushing them out of the territories of the Habs empire the minute Frederick saw this successhe re-entered the war taking Prague and Bohemia and he maintained a balance by not allowed the Habs empire to be destroyed or to become too powerful Britain and France eventually after 8 years of fighting, signed the Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle in Oct 1784 and this
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