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HIS103Y1 (431)

Topic 1 - Peace Treaty of Westphalia

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Vasilis Dimitriadis

Topic one Peace Treaty of Westphalia lay out the patternprincipleapproach for IR, which we are still using, and will be using in the future What really upholds the European state system is the constant interplay of negotiations, which nearly ,OZ,82,L39,L38,34;07,OO-,O,3.0 -0,3-Jacques Rousseau All wars since the Peace of Westphalia, except WWII and the Korean War, had negotiations and treaties. z Background: -- 1500s Holy Roman Empire Christian churches are selling indulgences (passports to Heaven) to gain huge profits from ignorant civilians. -- Oct 31, 1517 Martin Luther announced his objections against Christian churches, denied the necessities of the Pope and the churches, and initiated the Reformation Movement; -- Martin Luther was considered heretic and was under prosecution. -- ,79L3:9K078;L0ZZ,88:7;L;0,3Z,88:554790-8420*072,3!7L3.08ZK4Z,390170042 from the Emperor Ferdinand I. They tra3814720 :9K078 ;L0Z 41 , 30Z 70OLJL43 L394 , 54OL9L.,O indication; they established Protestant states in the emperor, but did not care about the religion itself at all. -- In 1618, Spain and Austria Habsburg declared war on Czech and Bohemia (Bohemian Revolt), aiming for 9K0 !749089,39 89,90 L3 9K0 250
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