HIS103Y Lecture 47 April 4 LAST LECTURE.
- Constant revolution of international relations for 300 years
o Statecraft & role of diplomacy
o To dominate the international system, or sheer survival (to prevent
the rise of hegemony)
o After the thirty years war, Nobody can afford another 30 years war.
Need to create system that would allow every member of
states to survive.
Including the secondary states.
Treaty of Versailles, Congress of Vienna, Westphalia, etc.
o Every single time such threat of hegemony comes, other states would
work together to prevent that arbitrary state.
Louis XIV and Napoleon wanted to be the arbiter of Europe.
o Congress of Vienna create efficient state system
o German Unification stabilized the balance of power
But later Germany threatens the peace in Europe