HIS103Y Lecture 41 March 14th.
- Chamberlain was responsible for the war.
o Though he thought he achieved peace by visiting Hitler 3 times and
accepting all of Hitler’s demands.
o But he never used the word, “appeasement”. Instead, he used the
o From the Versailles Treaty, in strategic terms, they knew they were in
o Couldn’t make a deal with commie Russia (like in the past) since
everyone condemned them.
o Had to seek new allies.
Yugoslavia, Czech, Poland = successor’s states. + Romania
Named Little Entente.
Purpose: one, clearly to stop the influence of communist Russia.
Two, to put pressure on Germany. To make Germany to wage a
two front war.
Hwv, Yugo, Poland, and Romania had no industry to stand up.
Hence, could not threat Germany that much as Russia did.
Poland-the linchpin- signed a separate non-aggression pact for
10 years with Germany.
Yugoslavia and Romania relied more on Germany and Russia
economically than France.
o Decided to rely on Britain.
The British kept telling the French: we are not going to sign the
binding treaties over the Eastern Europe.
Brit thought French threatened more on balance of
power than the Germans did.
Brit only focused on the balance of power in Europe
o Domestic polarization.
Regarding Soviet Union.
High-Commanders Repeatedly overestimated German
preparedness for the war.
Completely lost willingness to fight.
Only to defense. Constructed line of fortification:
Marginal Line. 700km long. Huge scale and Costly
construction. Had the same war in mind like WWI.
o But did not cover Belgium-French border.
Cuz they were allies.
Covering the border would mean French
would abandon Belgium.