HIS103Y Lecture 32 February 6th.
The Origin of First World War, Part 2
Entente Cordial 1904 – France <3 Britain
German insistence pushed British to sign alliance with Russia 1907
Lord Gray – British Diplomat
Russia and Austria agreed to leave Balkans freeze.
(talked about administration over Bosnia 1908)
- Russia agreed to Austria to control Bosnia
- Austria agreed to Russia to have the straits
o Hwv, both had misunderstanding over the agreement.
Russia thought they should bring it to
international agreement, but Austria didn’t want
- France and Britain supported Russia.
o Why not have international conferences?
- Germany, having seen that Austria only can support them
after Moroccan Crisis, supported Austria.
o Germany would aid in Austrian mobilization.
- => no international conference ensued, Victory for German
o Russia humiliated.
The fact that Austria had Bosnia meant Serbia’s route to the sea had been blocked.
France would administer Morocco. Made Morroco part of French empire.
- Germany decided to challenge France 1911.
1911 was different from 1906.
- Brit never agreed entente cordial to be challenged.
- It seemed France was backed up by the E.C. So, German
Serbian nationalists also pledged to never get humiliated again and retrieve their territory.
- Decided to insist against Austria
- To free and unify Slavik territory.
- Slavik terrorists = Black Hand
- Austrians were also aware of this development.
o Archduke Franz Ferdinand (disliked by Austrians)
Married German low status person
Recognized Slavik Nationalism
o Ferdinand visited Bosnia Herz, Sarajevo, to see how new
territories are like.
Got assassinated by the Black Hand. 1914. 5 people were prepared to kill him
• created incredible crisis
Everyone felt sympathetic to the Austrians. Even Russia felt sympathetic to the
- Austrians outraged, but Ferdinand was unpopular in Austria
o Decided to use his death as means of killing Serbian
o Issued the