Class Notes (836,153)
Canada (509,662)
History (3,264)
HIS103Y1 (431)
Lecture 10

HIS103Y Lecture 10 October 19th The War of the Spanish Succession: Part III: The Peace of Utrecht-Rastadt

3 Pages
73 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS103Y1
Professor
Vasilis Dimitriadis
Semester
Fall

Description
HIS103Y Lecture 10 October 19th The War of the Spanish Succession: Part III: The Peace of Utrecht-Rastadt • Three Major Battles: Ramielles, Turin, and Blenheim • Marlborough (Churchill) demanded fast-paced war for Britain’s supremacy. • 1707 – England became United Kingdom • Dutch’s security was not primary concern for British. o Dutch had to give up its navy. • Britain, with their possession of Gibraltar and dominant navy, brought Austrian Archduke Charles to take Spain. • The Allies now wanted to put Charles III of Austria on the Spanish throne • Joseph I of the Holy Roman Empire agreed with Marlborough on “No peace without Spain” o Joseph I was better than his father (Leopold) in diplomacy • 11 July 1708 France tries to recapture the Spanish Netherlands at Oudenarde, but allies route French forces o Louis appointed its officers who had no military experience. • This was followed by an economic drought in France due to a terrible harvest • Even though France was on the brink of capitulation, the Allies still made radical demands: o To occupy a series of French towns o French support to join the alliance against Philip V • These and other demands drove Louis to keep up the war and fight for its own survival against Habsburg dominance • France approached to the Dutch first in 1709 o Dutch asked Philip to renounce Spain and Louis to renounce French fortresses to the Dutch o Britain thought they should gain something and France should give up Asiento. o The only article Louis didn’t accept: “France should turn their army to Spain if Philip didn’t give up his Spanish throne. o “If I should wage war, I would wage on my enemies, not my Grandson.” said Louis XIV. • Fortunately, France had a brilliant commander, the Duke of Villars • 11 September 1709 at Malplaquet- Villars faced the bigger army of Marlborough and Eugene of Savoy • During the French counter-attack, Villars was struck by a cannon ball and his lieutenants messed it up. So technically the Allies won, but it was a poor victory • Villars, “If god gives us the grace to lose another such battle, your majesty can count on his enemies being destroyed’ to Louis XIV • Consequences of Malplaquet: the loss of the Dutch infantry forces – the Dutch is no longer a great power • The leadership of Marlborough was broken, it broke the militaristic approach • The diplomacy of weakness – the Dutch used their weakness to gain concessions from the British – 29 October 1709 Townshend treaty of succession and barrier • The Dutch would up hold the Protestant Succession in England, if they enjoyed the same commercial benefits in a future peace treaty, and were allowed to man the barrier fortresses in the Southern Netherlands • The only problem with this treaty was that this was only a deal with the kings, who soon lost their power in Parl
More Less

Related notes for HIS103Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit