Class Notes (838,449)
Canada (510,888)
History (3,264)
HIS103Y1 (431)
Lecture 5

HIS103Y Lecture 5 September 28th From the Dutch War to the Nine Years War, 1680-88

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Vasilis Dimitriadis

HIS103Y Lecture 5 September 28 th From the Dutch War to the Nine Years War, 1680-88 • Spain and the Dutch are no more threat to Louis XIV, the arbiter of Europe. o It is now German states and the Holy Roman Empire. • Vauban – to secure France against attack, build a set of fortresses to make France impregnable. o Built the fortress line along the northern border • On the East, however, the situation was less secure • Alsace and Lorraine were two provinces which held the key to France’s Eastern frontier o Lorraine was held by duke, but didn’t accept the terms. o Alsace’s legal rights were also fought over • The border towns and the bridge towns in Alsace held the key to the strategic balance of Europe (i.e. Strasbourg, Philippsburg, Breisach) • France only controlled Breisach. • Even though Louvois advised Louis to use army for national security, Louis used for more territorial gain. • France used, legal trickery, bribing and limited shows of military force to secure the Rhine frontier • Legal courts named Chambres de Renion were supposed to describe the legitimacy of France’s claim to territory. The courts were fixed (e.g. August 1680 Breisach – declared the entire province French sovereignty. It also awarded Montbeliard to France – This allowed Alsace to be joined up with French Comte allowing Vauban to fortify that entire strip of land • The other European powers accepted these Chambres de Renion in a Spanish diplomats words “Spanish reason are never worth anything compared with these of French supported by 100, 000 infantry men and 25, 000 cavalry • France could intimidate other to accept whatever it wanted • Financial means – Louis brought Casale, a Spanish fortified town, in September 1681. This joined up with Pinerolo, already a French territory • This allowed Louis to control Northern Italy as a Satellite • Furthermore Savoy was thus pressured into accepting French rule • On the same day, 30 September 1681, the French took Strasbourg by military force. o Strasbourg became French o All the gains of France were to close or control the gates into France. • Europe, however, could not do anything because Leopold I was under siege by the Ottoman Turks, who were bribed by France o Turks besieged the capit
More Less

Related notes for HIS103Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.