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HIS103 10. The Napoleonic Revolution in Warfare and Diplomacy.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Denis Smyth

The Napoleonic Revolution in Warfare and Diplomacy Key words Notes  French had seized the hiehgts. And the Prussions had to through their artillay upwards towards a army stronger then theiers. This didn’t daunt the Prussians.  The French army was destroyed because of the poltical aspects. Certain units picking their leaders just because they liked them  The king of Prussia, on the battle field.  Duke of Brunkwick wanted to particiapate in  Battle of valmy was a typical battle  The French gave it the best they got.  The Prussians might have noticed that  One of the Frenh generals, Kellerman, exposed himself to the troops. Putting his hat on his swoard, he uttered a battle cry which had never been heard anywhere in the world. He did not say “;ong live the king”, instead he said “long live the nation” as inspiration of state formation asd expansion.  Other volunterred units  They were hailed with musket shots and the Prussians were confuounded and confused.  The Prussian withdrew.  This was, to an extent a glorified battle. Very 18 centry batthel. A lot of firing, murnevering and such  It is surprising therefore to hear a verdict by a snipr german figure, a poet and writer: Goethe. That nihgt, after the battle, as they were sitting around the firecamp. He said “this day, and this place, open ip a new phase in the history of the world.” This seems a rather inflated judgement. But if we begin to look at the fall out, then we begin to understand tha ccuracy and apporitoateness of his judgement. - domestic and poltical iside framnce: -  domestican and potical inside frace - the most democratic convention: that French convestion abolished the French monarnchy and declared it the democratic repubic of France. -  the effects that had on the rest o the world, of professove domocraxy and that would be registered on military and diplomatic levels.  In the milotart  It was true that the miltart battatiol,.. but if you look at the regular  This was known as Dumiurez launced a battle agints Belgium.  Dumouriez interegrated his infantry battalion. He mixed volunteer and old soliders together so that the new ones could learn from the old ones  At certain points, the French line was  The Austrisn were routed in the battle of Jemappes. The French revolutionary wars: Part Two Key words Notes  Witnessing france throgu its own miscalcultions. Rnding up in a terrible ituatio  The French was doomed to defeat  Federelist revolt  It is true that France light wasn’t so dangerous at frist sight. - firs of all the enermy block wasn’t as united or focused in its anti war effort as it might appear - several of the powers were more concerned with matters on their easter boarders then dealing ith france itself. - The Russians, Prussians and Asutrians were concerned with tehe fate of Poland. It helped the france to susrive in 1793, because they were able to evoke a rebeliion inside Poland - That partially convinced that Russiam, Prussian and Austrian better deal with polosh one and for all. - Russian confined itself to harassing French maritime revolt - Even the briths were quiklty of the fragmentation of their military effory - Alledgely focusing on the threat posed by France. they couldn’t resist to send a coalition to the carribian to divert the French..? - In part this was because they underestimated their emeny. As the briths prime misters, William Pitt he younger put it on 19 july 1793, “if we distress the enemy on more sides then one, while their internal distractions continues, it seemed hardly possible that they can longer pose any effectual resistance”. - As he soon found, the French did oppose. In 23 of August 1793 the French convention poropesed a “Levee en Masee”. They recruited mass men. They pressed men from the factorties to join the army. Even the old men were convinced to join. - By 1794 the French army amounted to 1 million strong. Even the arsenals were equipped. 750,000 men were equipped.  In a way this mass army was shocking. Already minds had laid down t
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