Class Notes (810,487)
Canada (494,138)
History (3,204)
HIS103Y1 (431)
Denis Smyth (169)

His103Y1: Lecture on: The Eclipse of France: Part Two

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
Denis Smyth

HIS 103: Statecraft and Strategy The Eclipse of France: Part Two November 11, 2009 - French problem: when implementing financial reform = also realized that revolution of constitution revolution - realized the MAIN problem = the French Royal state - State by late 1780s unable to wage war = which was its fundamental purpose - 2 problems w/ constitutional reform 1) hereditary of administrative nobility - Vehemently opposed reform b/c they benefited - nobles of the robe 2) Aristocratic nobility - had tax exemptions - also resisted revolutions - in immediate aftermath of victory over Brits afterAmerican revolution = appeared that France was in superior position to Brits - Dutch Republic now allied w/ French - William V “Patriots” (1785) - meant Dutch navy now potentially an ally at sea =now may be able to control English Channel (Western Approaches) - placed French in position to conquer 2 continents from Brits (Cape of Good Hope &Ceylon) - PROBLEM: France no longer financially capable of taking advantage of their superior position - by late 1780s French financial debt = 5 billion livres - old order could not solve those problems - if problems not solved = France’s existence at risk - Turgot = Controller General of Finances warned of intervention inAmerican war b/c of financial dangers “One cannot prevents oneself from being amazed that we are so inferior in power when we are so superior in resources” - by 1793 - public finances being practiced by French state - French revolutionaries = put French financial house in order - modern “isms” began w/ French revolution - left and right wing began w/ French legislative assembly (right-seated = privileged aristocrats/ left seated = low order) - French declared “rights of man and the citizen” n/ just the French - new French order denounced French foreign policy - fuel for revolutionaries against old order - 1787 Russo-Ottoman war b/c 4 years earlier Russians annexed Crimea - Catherine II looked to HR Emperor Joseph II for help b/ was long - February 1788Austria joined Catherine II - Fredrick William II of Prussia instigated by Brits to intervene in Dutch Republic to reverse victory of Patriot party that booted out House of Orange = drove Republicans from power - was a very anti-French move & did intervene = resulted in lowering of their own prestige internationally = was a confession of French weakness’ - Swedes attacked Russia, leavingAustrians exposed - Pol
More Less

Related notes for HIS103Y1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.