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Denis Smyth (169)

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Denis Smyth

The Search For Security and Stability, 1920-32 Parts One and Two Wednesday, March 9 , 2011  Frances action to defend the treaty of Versailles as the last rampart it possessed was in many ways a desperate gamble  By the end of 1923. The German economy was recovering – height of inflation was cooling, and it was now the country in which it appeared to be the winner  As a condition by being bailed out, the French government was forced to adopt a more considerate policy  Example of economic pressure causing foreign policy change  May, 1924 – Spring General Election inside France (Herriot – new French government)  He found ready partners in Macdonald (he was a pacifist during WWI)  What made the deal feasible was the new moderation in German policy  Stresemann (he was a realist)  His moderation caused him is job as chancellor  Stresemann was skillful in extracting concessions  Conference held in London from late July to early August 1924, thee was an immediate deal done to pave the way for future concessions  Reparations commitment was turned into a hollow instrument  August 1925 – the French left  The genuine relief evident in Western Europe in particular was the essential context in which a remarkable new international agreement was signed (Locarno Agreement) – October 16 , 1925 th (formally signed the following first of December in London)  It addressed the issue of French National Security  Belgium France, Germany, and the permanently demilitarized zone within the Rhineland – these geopolitical frontiers were declared enviable by the signatory powers via the Locarno Agreement – Britain and Italy also signed on - meant joint military action  This collected security guarantee meant they were signing onto a collective effort to protect France  In return, Germany was promised membership to the League of Nations (the League Council)  The Locarno agreements was not supposed to come into effect until Germany was officially accepted into the League of Nations  Stresemann was pleased enough to follow through with this  September 19 , 1926 – city of Geneva – Germany was admitted to the LON  It was then Briand that gave the warmest of welcomes to Germany as it took its seat  Barely a week later, Briand and Stresemann met over lunch – and they came up with the basis of a closer Franco-German rapprochement  This deal was a step to far for the French  The most symbolic agreement in this regard was the Kellog-Briand Pact (August 1928)  Reported to do nothing less than abolish war – as an instrument of state  As always, these proposals have a slightly more self-interest  This was Briand  Briand had been anxious to secure some guarantee or promise from the US to defend France  June, 1927 – he proposed to the US that just between themselves, should renounce war as an instrument of state  Briand wanted to associate the US somewhere with defending Fran
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