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5 Arbiter of Europe.docx

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Vasilis Dimitriadis

The Arbiter of Europe 1679-88 p.36 French foreign policy – protect France France got the attention of Europe because of their POWER Louis - Break off anti-French coalition Gain new territories at the expense of the Spanish and Netherlands But…Dutch escaped, disappointed that Spain was not main enemy Spain = declining power New opponent to the east - German states of HRE, opposing a real threat 3 attempts to invade France Not much security on that border so a treaty signed Aug 1679 France got the attention of Europe because of their POWER Denmark and Brandenburg vs. Sweden (ally of France) Louis wanted for them to give up their territory over Sweden When France made a political statement and if the others did not comply, army = leverage National security via diplomatic means - more territory Went back to Treaty of Westphalia and Nygemen – to find unclear statements to gain more territory France set up chambers of the union (4 special courts) - set in newly gained territories Greatest gain in chambers of union - Northeastern border was declared by France outraging Germany Greatest gain via diplomatic and legal means…NOT WAR If contested, Germany had to deal with French army 200k…not ready Dutch merchant class unwilling to pay funds for new military English, Germany...same thing Concept of balance of power set by Treaty of Westphalia – Louis was going to take over Europe All he wanted to do was improve French borders...bit by bit take over neighbours Every gate into France must be shut down or be brought under French control Chambers of union did that 2 were handed over to France The other - Sep 1681 - France shut down the most important crossing gate - Strasbourg which was (independent city) surrendered p.37 Main entrance into Germany, so Leopold and Austria wanted to act, but 6 of 8 German electors = France allies Control almost all the crossing points on the Rhine Control the fortress, military points Concept of balance of power was to resist hegemonic force Permanent resistance against Louis was needed for Europe p.38 – Plan to be the master of Germany and path as emperor Provoked Europe by his blunders He made gains at
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