Class Notes (835,797)
Canada (509,410)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

The Early Enlightenment.pdf

2 Pages
57 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
TheEarly Enlightenment November-21-12 3:09PM • Havetolookthemindof theenlightenment ○ Togetridof theancientregime, theyneededanestablishedconstitutionalmodel • Montesquieu ○ Bornagreataristocrat,andwas an activepolitical ○ Mosthappyon rural estates ○ Absentmindedandclumsy  Wasengagedintheactionagainstabsolutism  Hebelievedthattheelite shouldbeallowedtoreducetheauthorityoftheKing  1721 - thePersianLetters □ Byusingan outsideperspective,hecoulduseanoutsidelooktotalkaboutFrance  Wasverystraightforwardaboutthe problemsthathesayin France  Healsowroteoneofthemostprofoundbooksofthecentury  Becamemonumentaltothethinkingoftheenlightenmentthinking  Montesquieurejecteddivineright,andbelievedthatthepeopleweretheoneswho wouldchoosetheirleader  Thestatewasreallycomplex,andcouldnotbeorganizedbytheChurch □ Constitutionisbothacauseandtheeffectthatcan change thenatureofmenand womenlivingwithinthatsociety □ Theseconstitutionswillcreatelawsthatwillgovernsociety  Montesquieuwasdevelopingsocialengineering,whichwouldprovetobe dangerous  Manythingsactingatonce thatcontrolssociety ◊ Society-hadto bepluralistic ► Therehadto bemorethan onsolution,cannotjusthaveoneking ► Thecomplexmixofsocietyneededtohaveavoice ► the forcesatworkon differentsocietiesdifferently  Societyisaforcethatwillconstantlybeinchange,thereforeyouneed institutionsthatcanaccommodatethatchange  Thetargetofmontesqieu'sideaswastheancientregime  BelievedthatFranceneededasystemwhichwasselfgoverning  Toillustratehisargument,heusedtheEnglishsystemtoshowhowthe Frenchsystemshouldimprove ◊ TheThreeforcesinEnglishsocietycreatedasystemwhichwould inhibitonepartyfrombecomingtopowerful ► HepraisedtheseparationofpowersintheEnglishsystem ► Thiswasamuch preferablesituation thedespotismthatwas
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit