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HIS109Y1 (520)

The French Revolution II

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University of Toronto St. George
Kenneth Bartlett

Mon. Dec. 3 The French Revolution - All feudal privileges were abolished - 26 of August, Declaration of the Citizen and Rights of Man - ^Basic principle for the constitution - Concepts of John Locke - Assignat: brilliant idea, but it wasn’t carefully managed, used as paper money - The National Assembly had to give up land - The peasants had no money to engage in this trade - The richer got richer, the poorer got poorer - 12 of July, 1790- civil constitution of the Clergy. Made the clergy civil servants - Priests were to be elected. The wages of the clergy were fixed and paid by the state. - All Churchman were forbidden to apply to become a pope - The Church became independent - The Clergy had to take an oath - Division of France, was not just an issue of the Church, between the radical elements who wanted to build a new society based upon rationalist ideas and those who wanted to reform the system they knew- keeping the traditions of French society in tact - Ultramontanes- across the mountains - Looked outside of France for a solution for these radical atheists. - A bergois social structure put in place - The King represented the executive. - French local gov completely restructured - Despite the claims of equality, people were not equal- divided between active and non-active citizens. - Only the active people who paid to be part of the government were only allowed to vote - Victory for the enlightened property owning middle class. - Louis felt that he didn’t have enough power in the constitution - Louis attempted to flee Paris to see his brother, unfortunately he was captured - Family returned to Paris as prisoners - Whatever affection the people had for the king evaporated. - The constitution really didn’t have a chance. It was crushed by faction and war - The less enlightened environments soon captured the ears of foreign monarchs - The holy Roman Emperor Joseph the 2  Marie Antoinette’s brother - Joseph asked everyone to protect the King and his family - The National Assembly realized that a pre-empted strike was all they could do. - The National Assembly declared war against the Holy Roman Empire. - If any harm came to the royal family, the people of France would pay - A volatile group - 3 groups had existed in the National Assembly Conservatives (wanted to reform the sy
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