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HIS109Y1 (536)

The Manorial Economy

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Kenneth Bartlett

Date: September 19, 2012 The Manorial Economy Farming – division of land into even strips → fair distribution of land ⇑ shared tools – plows and oxen ⇓ cooperative living – common lands (no ownership, for setting snares or collection of kindle)  Smithies, millers and other crafters – barter for produce Church – takes tax in produce Europe - same structure, different customs and traditions – oral practice (unchangeable) – no instruments of change – not written Law – written, thus could be re-written Peasant community does not welcome change → no desire to experiment with new crops/tools Manorial economy introduces slow changes to the way of life: o Long distance trade triggers the expansion of towns and cities → production of food increases significantly ← cultivation of more land, exploration of new territories o The space that used to be covered by trees and other obstacles is now cultivated → new manors are established: offer freedom for serfs (just so the land could be cultivated) o Old manors – following along and trying to change the relationship with farmers: serfs = paid workers, renters of the land ⇓ cash economy – the system evolves into a complex economical mechanism:
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