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2012-10-10 Northern Humanism.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Anthony Cantor

Northern Humanism 2012-10-10  An application for different movements.  Difference between Italian society and those of northern Europe o Italy is a special case, because of geography and secular learning  Model of humanism as an ideology o Adopted by wealthy merchants  Same with the North  Humanism to the secular households of the north was a natural attraction o Guide for their own way in the world o Having their nature change by being priests  It developed in Italy first o Most developed and urbanized o After the 1300  Same in the north  In the north o Same basic circumstances o Different form of humanism o Northern humanism, Christian humanism o Because of their education  Urban life in the North had stopped during the dark ages o After the crash of roman empire, before the rise of trade  Very few merchants  Education comes from the church because Christianity is a religion of the book  Education was for the religious class  Education was inappropriate for the noble class  The clergy liked it: they like to learn religion  Monasteries o Monks to sustain Christian learning through Christian manuscripts o Vast libraries for education for the others, but it was clerical o Had to do with Christianity and that’s it  True for the schools too, for the few that were existing  Directed towards those who would be secular priests  Education was exclusive for the clergy, the first estate  The attitude towards learning was through a clerical learning, books to do with religion were important, significant for learning to become more religious  As trade expands, so does the law  To expand trade, you must have contracts,  You aren’t able to have contracts without literacy,  Universities were clerical learning centres  Universities started to develop law and medical centres for secular people  Renaissance was imported to the North through points of contact  Renaissance came with the French invasions of Italy  Artists and architects started to come  The French started to gain an interest in Italy  Italy became the battleground for Europe  Growth of town and city o Growth of need for secular people  For a new economy  A new concern for new ideas  Everything was still religious for the most part in terms of universities  No longer looking at Cicero, but looking at the early fathers of the church.  In Italy, people wanted to raise ancient Rome  In the North, it was to raise original Christianity, o raise religion based on pure text  A new group in society, wanting a new ideology and a new form of behaviour.  Twisting the idea of the Divine plan. ‘We actually discovered the real divine plan’  Most social and political change was because of debates of religious nature. The only vocabulary change was in forms of religion  In the north, the ideas of the world were only that of a clerical class.  Christian Humanism is the way it is because the only vocabulary of change was that of religion  Community was religious. Your church, your clergy, your pastor, everything was religious.  The ideas of change, and revolutionary change, were forms of religious change  You cannot change Gods plan, so that was a problem. You have to say that you were going back to Gods original plan and that you fi
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