Realignment of Europe
Mohammed II (1451-81)
Suleiman the Magnificent (d. 1566)
Vasco da Gama
Europe had different boundaries and principles that would drive certain societies in certain
directions. (English civil war) major influence.
Creation of new states, states coming together because of a common hostility (Spanish),
fragmentation of old ones (kingdom of France, idiocy of the three sons)
Europe: Internally unstable.
A violent continent; European tendency to solve fundamental issues with warfare. So profound,
deep, essential to European society, when there had to be a conflict solved the war would have
to be completely unspeakable. (long, large, 30 years war like)
Outside forces were profound also, the shift of power away from the Mediterranean (used to be
the center of European civilization, around the Mediterranean basin).
Atlantic sea cost, new center of everything. The Spanish, Portuguese,
Why was there a shift?
o Rise of the Renaissance
Trade, silk road,
o Rise of the economic empires
o Things began to fall apart
Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks
Fall of connections,
Fall of the Balkan empire
The Turks were almost always victorious over the Christians
Solved by war
The Turks held part of Italy for over a year
. The ottoman empire tripled in size, one of the most powerful states in western Europe
Established military posts, moved north. Under the Suleiman
All Christian Europe saw this as a threat to the heart land,
o The creation of a huge multi-national army
o The king of Hungary, everything he could gather, they were defeated
o Almost the entire army was destroyed by the Turks
The mobile Turkish army moved quickly to Austria (heartland to