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HIS109Y1 (520)

The French Revolution Part 2

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University of Toronto St. George
Anthony Cantor

The French Revolution Part 2 Assignat Jacobins Gironde’s Maximilien Robespierre Directory Ultramontane’s vs. Galileans Napoleon Bonaparte th  1789, 26 of August, the declaration of the Rights of Man was set in place o Read as if it was written by a philosoph; the law is the power of the general will. Liberty. Essentially, what we value today. o Heavily influenced by Montesquieu and Rousseau and indirectly by John Locke The Financial Crisis  The lands of the church were to be confiscated; the second of November  The national assembly continued to print more money than the value of the church lands. They reduced the value of the dollar and the effects of inflation made it worthless  The rich got richer and the poor got poorer  Laws were passed and any form of working class revolt was illegal  Confiscation of church lands split the nation in half  French church was to be completely independent and nothing but another branch of the state  the result of forcing Frenchman to chose between religion and state? Divided France o the jurors, those who swore to the civil constitution o the non jurors, those who didn’t swear to the civil constitution o about half  the division wasn’t just with the church, it was between the radical elements that wanted to build a new society based on pure rationalist ideas (opposed to the idea of an establish church) and those who were more conservative  to be a juror was in the eyes of the conservatives was against everything in terms of religion. Constitution of 1791  turned France into a constitutional monarchy  the middle class was put in place  the separation of powers;  the king represented the executive.  His acts had to be approved by his ministers and his veto could only be in place for four years  Could hold legislation through two assemblies  The judiciary  The judges were elected  Completely restructured from a feudal system to what we know today  The country was divided into 83 departments,  Each divided into districts 
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