The French Revolution Part 2
Ultramontane’s vs. Galileans
1789, 26 of August, the declaration of the Rights of Man was set in place
o Read as if it was written by a philosoph; the law is the power of the general will. Liberty.
Essentially, what we value today.
o Heavily influenced by Montesquieu and Rousseau and indirectly by John Locke
The Financial Crisis
The lands of the church were to be confiscated; the second of November
The national assembly continued to print more money than the value of the church lands. They
reduced the value of the dollar and the effects of inflation made it worthless
The rich got richer and the poor got poorer
Laws were passed and any form of working class revolt was illegal
Confiscation of church lands split the nation in half
French church was to be completely independent and nothing but another branch of the state
the result of forcing Frenchman to chose between religion and state? Divided France
o the jurors, those who swore to the civil constitution
o the non jurors, those who didn’t swear to the civil constitution
o about half
the division wasn’t just with the church, it was between the radical elements that wanted to build
a new society based on pure rationalist ideas (opposed to the idea of an establish church) and
those who were more conservative
to be a juror was in the eyes of the conservatives was against everything in terms of religion.
Constitution of 1791
turned France into a constitutional monarchy
the middle class was put in place
the separation of powers;
the king represented the executive.
His acts had to be approved by his ministers and his veto could only be in place
for four years
Could hold legislation through two assemblies
The judges were elected
Completely restructured from a feudal system to what we know today The country was divided into 83 departments,
Each divided into districts