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HIS109Y1 (520)

Darwinism and Social Darwinism

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University of Toronto St. George
Anthony Cantor

Darwinism and Social Darwinism 1. Marx, Darwin, Modernity?  Darwin rising out of the intellectual clement produced by those huge transformations that we have been following. 2. "Positivism" 3. Charles Darwin (1809-1882) 4. Variation and Inheritance 5. Natural Selection 6. Social Darwinism and Pseudoscientific Racism  how people started applying Darwin's views Marx was involved with the international working mass association, which lasted until the 1860's. It was to bring all working class citizens, internationally, to work for change/socialism. Marx, Darwin, Modernity?  Darwin's origin of species was published in 1859, same time Marx released one of his great works. They're engaging similar ideas as to how the world works and doesn't work.  Marx's materialistic history, material conception of history, where your class identity in terms of production was the base for everything. o this connects Marx to Darwin  Darwin, Marx, Wagner (book) o Jacques Barzun o Connects mechanical materialism (non directed material forces) drives history.  physical reality, law of nature.  connection between Marx and Darwin o they created the idea of an alien, a cold world. o why a cold world? they're thinking mechanically. That the world is driven by natural forces. Not by the soul or ideas.  what connects them is that the world works mechanically and material forces is what drives it Positivism  Auguste Comte (1798-1857)  the view that human progress is inevitable and linear, bringing improvements over time  applying this to the natural world will bring steps forward  this is a kind of thinking, post enlightenment and French revolution, a direction of thinking. It gave rise to Darwin.  Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) o if the great first cause indoor the ancestry of animals with the power of new traits, they would improve. o Charles Darwin's Grandfather  Zoonomia (1794-1796) Charles Darwin  Darwin's ideas had come before  Evolution in Darwin's ideas don't have a goal, where Marx's history has an end; the end of class struggle and a classless society.  What exactly where his ideas, how did he apply them  he heard of evolution by reading his father's books  he went to study science, but began studying a priest  he was invited to join a ship coasting around __ on the HMS beagle?  he began to doubt his Christian faith. He never became Atheist and only became agnostic until the end of his life.  he was an enthusiastic geologist o read a book about: given time, natural laws of nature can move mountains and sea's. They can do great things that affect the natural
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