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Lecture

Nationalism

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Anthony Cantor
Semester
Winter

Description
Nationalism Lecture outline 1. What is a nation? Civic vs. Ethnic nationalism 2. nationalism and Liberalism? 3. Revolts and Revolutions, 1815-1848 4. 1848 Revolutions: Springtime of Peoples? Nationalism as a modern phenomena  the word nation was around for a long time. The meaning though is different in terms of post revolution and post industrialization  your loyalty wasn't defined by your membership in a nation.  the nation tends to refer to as a population with a shared characteristics and a collective idea of sovereignty  a grouping with the right of sovereignty But what is a nation?  how is it constituted, who are its members, how can one be a member  the shift from subject to citizenship  being a subject of the king, to a citizen of a nation  Earnest Renan (1823-1892)  "What is a nation" (1882)  "To have done great things together and to wish to do more, those are the essential conditions for a people"  "the existence of a nation... is a daily plebiscite"  a collectivity, but not defined by shared ancestry, but as a community that acted together and still wants to act together  an allegiance by the continued service of the community o allegiance to ideas and principles  Civic nationalism  writing in response to other writings Ethnic nationalism or Romantic nationalism  romantics reacted against the Enlightenment (as they understood it )  passion and emotion elevated over reason and intellect  reality of human experience in the soul, not in the mind, the heart rather than the head  most followers are from areas that have been taken over by French or ___  focus on the universality Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821)  French revolution "an insurrection against god"  "Man cannot create a constitution"  "in the course of my life, I have seen Frenchmen, Italians, Russians; I even know, thanks to Montesquieu, that one can be a Persian; but man i have never met"  reacting against the revolutionary thoughts  making an argument for in reaction against what is coming out of the enlightenment and revolution.  not particularly romantic, but the basic development of his ideas is similar enough Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803)  common national identity from folk culture and oral tradition  Volksgeist  Non-Chauvinistic cultural nationalism  you're shaped by your ancestry  the best way to serve humanity is to serve your national group  transitional feature; cultural not political  people should develop their own natural consciousness, what makes them district from other nations  When he was born, Germans had a common language. different dialects, but there was a commonality. No real conception as a unified concept.  Volksgeist = national spirit o this sense of distinctiveness had to draw from the life of the folk; the common people. Of people shaped by their surroundings  wasn't concer
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