1. What is a nation? Civic vs. Ethnic nationalism
2. nationalism and Liberalism?
3. Revolts and Revolutions, 1815-1848
4. 1848 Revolutions: Springtime of Peoples?
Nationalism as a modern phenomena
the word nation was around for a long time. The meaning though is different in terms of post
revolution and post industrialization
your loyalty wasn't defined by your membership in a nation.
the nation tends to refer to as a population with a shared characteristics and a collective idea
a grouping with the right of sovereignty
But what is a nation?
how is it constituted, who are its members, how can one be a member
the shift from subject to citizenship
being a subject of the king, to a citizen of a nation
Earnest Renan (1823-1892)
"What is a nation" (1882)
"To have done great things together and to wish to do more, those are the essential conditions
for a people"
"the existence of a nation... is a daily plebiscite"
a collectivity, but not defined by shared ancestry, but as a community that acted together and
still wants to act together
an allegiance by the continued service of the community
o allegiance to ideas and principles
writing in response to other writings
Ethnic nationalism or Romantic nationalism
romantics reacted against the Enlightenment (as they understood it )
passion and emotion elevated over reason and intellect
reality of human experience in the soul, not in the mind, the heart rather than the head
most followers are from areas that have been taken over by French or ___
focus on the universality
Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821)
French revolution "an insurrection against god"
"Man cannot create a constitution"
"in the course of my life, I have seen Frenchmen, Italians, Russians; I even know, thanks to
Montesquieu, that one can be a Persian; but man i have never met" reacting against the revolutionary thoughts
making an argument for in reaction against what is coming out of the enlightenment and
not particularly romantic, but the basic development of his ideas is similar enough
Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803)
common national identity from folk culture and oral tradition
Non-Chauvinistic cultural nationalism
you're shaped by your ancestry
the best way to serve humanity is to serve your national group
transitional feature; cultural not political
people should develop their own natural consciousness, what makes them district from other
When he was born, Germans had a common language. different dialects, but there was a
commonality. No real conception as a unified concept.
Volksgeist = national spirit
o this sense of distinctiveness had to draw from the life of the folk; the common people.
Of people shaped by their surroundings