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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

Socialism

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Anthony Cantor
Semester
Winter

Description
"Utopian Socialism"  Charles Fourier (1772-1838)  Robert Owen (1771-1858)  Louis Blanc (1813-1882)  Flora Tristan (1803-1844) Marx thought that the original socialism was unpractical that he wanted to dismiss it, that they were a bunch of utopians . He wanted to create the true Socialism, the scientific socialism  These people are not working class people,  a system of thought focused on the social Charles Fourier  proposed small communities Robert Owen  did put some of Charles' ideas to action  natural goodness; would be reviled if not in competition but in a cooperative society  opposite of Adam Smith's ideas; pursuing self interest causes the common good where Owen says that the natural good can't come through self interest but in cooperation  he built a model community  took a squalid factory town, a typical factory town, and through building the community he turned it into a flourishing, thriving community  business is served better when the owners treat the workers as well as the machines Louis Blanc  fits in the early modern of socialist ideas  move away from the purely theoretical and idealistic to something more practical  wrote a piece that said social problems could be solved through government assistance  competition is the main problem  called for workshops to be owned by the workers and funded by the state o cut out the middle class  attempted to put this together after the (revolution) in France, o attempted to put state funded factories o not enough funding o there were too many people attempting to get into the state funded workshop and it caused some people to be upset Flora Tristan  a utopian synthesis of socialism and feminism  absolute equality, gender equality, was the only way to free the working class  appealed back to the ideology of the French revolution o call back to industrialization o but more to liberty, quality, and brotherhood.  that has to apply across all genders  these people were dismissed as naive and crazy  Marx and other socialists later disagreed with them Karl Marx (1818-1883)  With Freidrich Engels, Manifesto of the Communist party (1848)  "Materialist conception of history'  "alienation"  "The History of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles."  International workingmen's' Association (1864-1876)  came from a middle class family, was Jewish, his father then turned Protestant  he had a PHD in Philosophy  became an atheist  became a radical journalist  he was with a large group of philosophers who argued the philosophy of Hegel  He was a critique of religion,...  became an editor of a newspaper that was founded by a Liberal businessman  in 1842, him and his wife began an almost lifelong exile from Germany o He could
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