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The Absolute State

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Kenneth Bartlett

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The Absolute State Hobbes (1588 1679) Leviathan (1651) Louis XIV (1643 1715) J. Mazarin (b. 1661) Fronde J-B. Colbert (d. 1683) - Beginnings of the shift in the mind of Europe - Working to make the royal masters absolute to the modern mind this sounds horrific o Going beyond the law and creating the law - It is always to better to serve one master, at least the king only robbed you once and protected you from being robbed by other agencies - Central government as a protector from foreign intervention o Nothing compares to armies fighting on your home soil o We are willing to make allowances in freedoms in exchange for safety - Central authority: less civil strive Ideological aspect of absolutism - Hobbes: saw his age as the age of disorder, how can there be order o Was a royalist, but rejected all the evidence provided by Charles: I should be tried by my pears (kings) and because he was divine rules, only God can judge him o Secular notion of kingship: idea of material causes and secular notions concerning
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