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HIS109Y1 (536)


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Kenneth Bartlett

Darwinism and Social Darwinism Louis Pasteur (1822-95) Jean de Lamarck (d. 1829) Charles Darwin (1809-82) Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) Beagle - Development of working class movement, unionism, etc - Political movements that challenge the basic position of the middle class - Targeted the comfortable position of middle class - Another challenge from the roots of the middle class ideology, science - Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species - Cartesian and post- Cartesian world, same with Darwin - Darwin represents conclusion of the process that began a millennia ago - Role of science clear in the minds of Europeans, going back to Descartes, Galileo, etc - 19 scientists proposed a new theory of what it is to be human - Science and technology opened up a new world - New means of through - Replicable evidence - Science reflected the European mind, education, etc - Science created into every corned of European mentality, defined the Western mind - Science was progress since the industrial revolution - To reject science is to fly in the face of the most dominant ideology - Everything that made Europeans, Europeans in the 19 C was due to science and progress - Darwin cause traditional thinkers of Europe discomfort - Everyone believed that the mud of the river Nile could spontaneously generate plants and animals - Spontaneous generation was common knowledge - People relied on magic, performance of certain rituals for certain things to happen - If you continues to believe ideas that were disproved by science meant that you could jeopardize the well being of the society
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