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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

Continuation of Feudalism and middle ages.pdf

2 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett

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Description
Continuationof Feudalism and middle ages September-19-12 3:05PM Basiceconomicstructure • Agriculture-wasthegreatestindustryatthetime • Ownershipofland=status • Earlymiddleages-450 -750 - popof Europedeclined • Barbarians,plague,collapseoftheRomanImperialsystem • ThisresultedinaEuropethatwas indecline • Declinemeantthatppldidn'tneedtoexperimentonthelands • Agriculturewascontinuedinaprimitiveway • ThingshappenedthatallowEuropetochange • Certaincropscouldbeusedasfood,nutrients,andanimalfood • ThiswouldincreasesthehealthofEurope • Limewasputintothesoilto increasethesoilsnutrients • Oldplowswouldn'tworkwellinthenorth • Metalplowsbegantobeused,createdbiggerfurrowsandbetterforseedstogerminate • However,theywereheavyandputonwheels -heavywheelplow • Horsecollarsmadeit easierforhorsesto pullobjects • Oxremainedthesourceofpower • Therewasverylittlemixedagriculture • Mainpeopleatemainlygrain,noblesatetomuchmeat • Peasantscouldnthuntontheterritory • Until12th century,peasantsweremalnourished • Peasantswouldhavelivedinvillages,b/cmedievalagriculture wasbasedoncooperation • Theseplaceswerecalledvillasormanors -wereestatesthatwereselfsufficient • Contained-fortifiedlandlordhouse,thevillageofpeasants,withfullyfreepeasantsorsurfs • 1knightwassupposetobesupportedbythevilla • Shouldn'thavebeentobigtomakeitto hard forthepeasantstowalk • Eachmanorwas aseparate,governedbythetraditionofthemanor • Everythingwaslocalized,andwasoneoftheonlyformsofagriculture • Moneywasextremelyscarce • Powerfulpeoplewererichinland -howeverthelandwasuselessunlessitwascultivatedbypeasants • Barterandtrade - goodsweretradedwithothers • Lordsdomain-was aportionofthemanorthat wasgivento thelandlord -allgoodsweregiventothe landlord • Peasants-gotareturnfrom differentstripswithinthemanor,orthestripsthatyouowned • Efficient,b/ceveryonegotenoughfoodtosustainthemselves -itwascooperative • Youstayedwhereyouwereborn-onlyreallyhadcontactswiththeotherpeasantfamiliesonyour manor • Wasit sobad to bea peasant? • Workedhard,notgreat nutrition,butyouwereprovidedwithsecurity,andpartofacommunitythat wascooperative-thismadepeasantcommunitiesveryconservative • Stripswereverylongandnarrow - thiswasa fairwayto dividetheland • Cooperativeagriculturewasneededtousetoheavywheelplow • Allpeasantshadaccesstocommonlands - poorsoilthatwasn'tworth cultivating • Areawher
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