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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

The Church.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
TheChurch September-26-12 3:09PM • Untilreformation,therewasonlythecatholicchurch • Duringthemiddleages,whoshouldhavebeengiventhepowertorule? • Therewere2sourcesofsovereignty: • SecularrulersinheritedauthorityfromtheRomanEmperor • TheSovereigntyoftheChurch • 700 -850 - ConstantinegavetheruleoftheWesternEmpirecontroltothepope -Donationof Constantine • PopebelievedthathehadtheauthoritytoroleinSovereignpowersandSpiritualpower • PeopleruledinthenameoftheEmperorandthe Pope • TheDualSovereignty-leadtofrictioninsociety • Whos shouldhavepower-emperororPope? • Guelf-thepapalparty • Ghibelline-theimperialparty • Foughteachotherconstantly • Claimsweremadebybothparties • Emperors-goingtoresurrectRoman Rule • 13th Century-DebateanddivisionbrokeoutintoWarfare • PopesbegantomakegreaterclaimsofSovereignty • WereabletodothisbecausetheEmpirewasbroken • GreatestClaim- PopehadfullnessofpowertodoanythingonEarth or on Heaven • SaidinthePlenitudoPotestatis • However,thisPopewasn'tabletodoanythingb/chedidntputthesystemsinplace • ChurchgrewinWealthandPowerdueto it's abilitytocollecttaxesbetterthananyoneelse • TheChurchhad allclaimsonoaths,wills,Marriagesetc... • Churchrealizedthatthiswasa wayto makemoney • AppealingtoRomealsohappened,calledtheRota(Popescourt) • Thiswasa hugesourceof Incomeforthechurch and gavethechurch tremendouspower • Thisalsocreateda centraltaxationsystemthatwasextremelysuccessful • Churchfeltthatithad a right to obtaintaxesfromeveryoneinthechurch • 1228 - Romanscollected10%tax fromthe clergy • Also,thechurchwasableto exercisepowerineverydiocese • PapalReservations-ImportantoppositesthatthePopecanappointpeopletoo -ex:Bishops • Papalreservationbecamealaw-Popewasabletoappointeveryone • PapalProvisions-Popecouldappointprieststothefarthestparishes • Communicationwasbad • Popesbegantoprovidepriestswithlivingfortherelives • TheauthorityoftheChurchwouldallowitspowertospreadacross Europe • Pop
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