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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

The Wars on Religion.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
TheWars on Religion October-22-12 3:07PM • Europeans-veryviolent • InstrumentsofwarweretofrequentinSociety ○ ReformationresultedinthemostviciouswarEuropehadseensincethefalloftheRomanEmpire  Fightingforthereownreligion • HowdidtheCatholicChurchrespond?CounterReformation • Religionwastheonlyacceptablewayforchange ○ Religionwasameansofsocial/politicalstructure  Alsocauseddivisionsinoldstates-France • 16th century-State wasa mean ofcontrollingthecitizensineveryaspect ○ Hadto followthestateineveryaspect,otherwiseyouwereaheretic  Rulercoulddeterminethereligiouspractices □ Causedanotherlevelofconflict  Machiavelli-Nothingshouldstandinthewayofthestate - theywereincontrol • Criminal/illegalactionsforthebenefitforthestatewerepracticed ○ Becameanelementofdailypolicy ○ "forthereasonsoftheState" - everythingcanbejustifiedifthestatefeltthatitwasright  Reasonsofstatecanoverruleinternationallaw RomanChurch • Hadlostmuch support- hadto fightback ○ UsedtightercontroltoensurethatCatholicismwouldsurvive ○ Protestantism-hadtobestopped ○ ChurchReorganizeditself  1534 - PopePaulIII- wasgoingto restructuretheRomanChurch  AbusesintheChurchhasto becorrected  CallingofaCouncilwasneeded  CouncilofTrent1545 - 63 - debatedwhatCatholicismwas  ThomasAquinas-wasseenasdevelopingthenewchurch  All7sacramentswerekept  TeachingsoftheChurchwereimportantinsalvation-notjustancientscripture  Freewillwasendorsed,andgoodactswereneededforsalvation □ Pope-wasa theocraticabsoluteruler • ChurchwaspreparingforBattlewiththeprotestants • TheRomanInquisition ○ WascalledbythePope  Ideasoftheprotestantswerechallenged  Thefaithhadto beenforced-RomanInquisition-theindexofforbiddenBooks  ThelistGrewannually(startedin1559)  IttoldCatholicswhatyoucouldorcouldnot know □ Penaltieswereextreme □ had to havebigpenaltiesifthechurchintendedtoreverseprotestant  PeoplewhoevenQuestionedtheChurchwerebroughttoromanInquisition □ PeoplewereforcedtoReform • I.Loyola ○ Hada beliefthattherewasa divinemissionatworkinSpainwhentheMoore'swerebeingdriven outofSpain ○ Whenhe hadan injuryinBattle,hehad a revelationandbelievedthathewasfightingforthe wrongcause  Hada visionofa shapeofa bookhehad to write  Hisbookwasa bookofdiscipline  Itwashow yousubmittedyourwilltothepope-youwerea soldierofChrist ○ 1537 - wentwithMooredisciplestoordainthemasPriests ○ 1538 - weregrantedtofoundtheSocietyofJesus-Jesuits ○ Loyola-preach,teaching,andmissionaryworkwerethe3principlesoftheJesuits Hadto try and reconvertpeopleback Loyola-preach,teaching,andmissionaryworkwerethe3principlesoftheJesuits  Hadto try and reconvertpeopleback  Also,educationwouldbethewaythatthoughtswouldbestructured
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