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HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

The Scientific Revolution.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
TheScientificRevolution November-14-12 3:04PM • F.Bacon • ReneDescartes • Galileo • Copernicus • Newton • Locke • TabulaRasa TheScientificRevolution • Europe-dividedintopreandpostCartesian • FrenchRev&industrialrevbasedonthescientificrevolution ○ Beliefsystemswerechallengedbygreatthinkers  Itwouldchangetherelationshipbetweentheobserverandtheobserved ○ 2greatinstigatorstotherev  Baconand Descartes □ theywereconnectedbecausetheywereobsessedwiththequestion,howdowe knowanything?  Wantedtoknowhowtheycouldmaketrueobservationsanddrawtrue conclusions □ Middleages-observationsandconclusionswereonlyacceptedfromfamousthinkers andthebible  Thedeductivemethod ◊ Descartesbelievethatknowledgeshouldbetheproduct,notthe beginning ► Youneedtogo fromthe particularto thegeneral ► Newmethodrequiredthinkersandscientists  Hadto lookat theuniversewithoutanypre-conceptions  Meantthat a lotof theknowledgehumanshadwouldneedto bere-evaluated ○ Descartes  Mathematician,philosopher □ Everythingcouldbeexplainedifyoustartedwithsystematicdoubt  Youcan re -evaluatethingsifyouuseobservation  "Ithink,thereforeIam" ◊ Objectivereality-somethingthatcanbedeterminedandquantified ◊ "givememotionandextension,andIwillbuildyoutheuniverse"  Mostimportantcontribution ◊ HisDiscourseonmethodin1637 ► ShiftedthementalprocessesofEuropeansforever ► Wasthebeginningofthescientificmethod  Shortformulaofhowto understandthings – Truthcomesfromobservationandreason – Ifitcant be proven,thenitisn'ttrue ○ GalileoGalilei  WentagainstthestatusQuo  Oneofthefirstmodernscientists □ Generalizedfromhisconclusionsandwouldpublishhisconclusionssootherpeople couldtestthem □ Hisobsessionwasmotion,especiallyplanetarymotion  Buildatelescope  Throughtheuseofhistelescope,heprovedthatJupiterhadmoons
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