Class Notes (835,312)
Canada (509,091)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

[6] Reformation in England.doc

4 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
October 20, 2010 Reformation in England - Monarch is head of the Church as well as the state - Centralized monarchy - Succeeded to uniting the monarchy - Attempts to try to control the Church of England but in most part they were a part of the Catholic Church - Relatively secure place. - Henry the 7 – House of the Tudor - 1485 – Brought to the thrown a very conventional king – spent heavily on the Church - 1500 – English Church was very confident and secure. - England was known for their monks and religious houses being very rich. - This enormous wealth had an effect on the English Church. - Colin was a great performer. – got into a lot of trouble – founded a school. - The Church was dominated by one man who doesn’t follow the highest calling – Cardinal Wolsey - Henry the 8 was lazy and let Wolsey to do all the work and was the king’s Chancellor. - 1520’s England is known for its mediocrity – no great examples of virtue and goodness. - Kind of attacks against the ecclesiastical order started to weaken the structure. - This vast property owned by the Church were in Mortbane – (dead hand) it was in debt. - There was negative publicity. - 1520s - attacks against ecclesiastical order (Erasmus etc.) began to weaken the already weak- ened structure - Vast property owned by church - once property had been acquired by church, you can’t get it back - Rising nobility - wanted more land, but church owned it - Printing - Erasmus and other people’s works made these ideas spread more quickly - People were also more aware of what was going on (i.e. Corruption) - Role of pope in England = suspicion - Babylonian captivity - put papacy under control of French; seemed like English taxation was used to fight the English during 100 Years’War (not true, but it made people suspect the Pope be- cause they thought there was a bit of French in him) - Church courts: papal system - had own courts etc - Canon law = everywhere (almost everything in life had something to do with it); took a long time to get stuff done – canon law was everywhere – so expensive and took so long, the people that had to deal with it hated it - Ideas which drove people who were very difficult began to question the things that everybody took for granted. - 1511: Richard Honey - Part of group with mistrust for clergy - Was charged by priest for having to bury his dead baby - Richard got angry and hit the priest - Priest had Richard arrested - Richard was found the next morning dead (strangled) - The only people who had access to him was the CHURCH - Case of Richard Honey = universal - Anti-clericalism - reached a climax with Martin Luther’s revolt (~1520) - Difficult to stop it - his ideas were very popular - King (Henry VIII) was not happy - He wrote a document defending the Church, saying Luther was wrong - Pope Leo X gave Henry VIII a title for it (protector of the faith) - Henry hated Lutherans, Reformation (believed it would disrupt the fabric of the state) - Things changed - Henry married his dead brother’s wife (Catherine of Aragon) - Tudors didn’t have deep roots having the crown => needed a male heir - Henry needed a male heir (having a female ruler had proved not to be stable in the Middle Ages) - He believed he was in the incestuous marriage: older brotherArthur was married to Catherine to make an alliance to Spain (and get a HUGE dowry). ButArthur died, and Henry VII didn’t want to g
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit