Class Notes (836,135)
Canada (509,645)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

[10] Absoulutism.doc

4 Pages
45 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Fall

Description
November 10, 2010 Absolutism - Wars of religion destroyed France: calvinist (huguenot) vs. Catholic - 30 years war: most christian king of france fights hre - Rise of france as great power on continent at expencse of spain and italy - Central authority can use advanges to weake others - France became model of regime - Richlieu used power to save protesants so they would not become a HRE state - Henri iv killed because of traffic jam, killed by a mad monk - Richelieu made sure france would not be ruled by house of hapsburgs (netherlands, HRE, spain) - Assassination of henri iv --> policies of richlieu saved coun try from falling apart - Louis xiii - young son (8 years old) of hneri iv - Marie de medicis = mother of louis xiii; ruled as regent - marie = lived for self-gratification, didn’t like son, wanted to keep him as far away as possible, had italian favorites (one of whom, coccini robbed the crown completely) - Louis = secrecy, distrustful, not so great - Gaston d’orleans = brilliant younger brother - Louis had coccini executed, wanted to take control of crown instead of mother (but wasn’t smart, subtle, etc.) - France = impoverished - Money spent on war with huguenots/calvinissts (didn’t go well) - La rochelle = capital of huguenots - Many of commanders louis could command were dead - Louis needed someone to help guide nation that was in bad shape, prove himself a good king, keep mother from being queen - Armand Du plessis de richelieu - could ask king for anything and get it - Was a second son; given good education, promised to church (older brother went around killing small animals) - Age 21: his father convinced henri iv to let armand become a bishop (but canon law prevented someone becoming a bishop until 23) - Armand went to rome to see pope (had good connections) - Lied to pope that he was 23 and impressed the pope with latin speech --> pope allowed him to be bishop - Once he was bhisop he said he sinned (for lying to the pope); pope was like “oh well” - Only ticket to future fame: ideal reforming bishop - Organized education of clergy, did everything so well was considered boy genius - Impressed those responsible to elect estates general (like parliament) - Elected 1 esate of clergy - Caught attention of conccini - Employed as secretary to crown - Looked like he would have a good career - 1616-1617 - queen was banished from coutrt by louis - Richlieu was at a disadbancge -- lost job because worked for queen and conccini - Seen as a threat because of intelligence (1618); banished to avignon (at that time not part of france) - Queen, loathing her son, decided not to put up with son as king with no influence on her part - She tried to restart civil wars that tore france apart - Only person king’s advisors could think of who could reason with the queen and switch sides for own advagnate -- richelieu was called - Louis told him to tell queen to stop making war and come to my side - Richelieu wanted someting out of this (was exiled) -- got reward - He wanted a cardinal’s title (prince of chuch) - 1624: chief minister of the crown - Louis had no advanges but birth -- though realized his disadvantages and was willing to find someone to help him rule - Allowed Richelieu to do what he wanted in the name of the king in order to unify the kingdom 1. Control huguenots/calvisntst (they live in their own “state”) -- reduce their authority - own capital (la rochelle) - sea port with access to other Protestant states - Ignored king’s will if they didn;t like them - Richelieu distrusted anyone who would destroy unity of france and act as “trojan horse” and have protestants overpower - Richelieu knew something had to be done, even though he didn’t have the money’ - Declared (costly) siege that starved them - October 1628: huguenots had to surrender to him after a year of siege - Walls of la rochelle had to be torn down but property of calvinists were property of the sta
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit