Class Notes (835,873)
Canada (509,459)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)

[16] Napoleon.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Kenneth Bartlett

January 10, 2011 Napoleon - Only solution to Fr. Rev = war - Against a set of ideas represented in Fr. Rev in France - Even more progressive startes = crusade against france - Property rights, etc. - You had to be an aristocrat to fight in military -- many aristocrats left the country to fight for other countries --> leaderless country - Armies = divided by same factional disputes that destroyed gov’t - Unpaid soldiers - Still managed to stop prussian forces despite lack in training etc. - French army managed to drive invading soldiers and enemy fleets out of harbors - One of heroes: napoleon - Napoleon Bonaparte -> steadily became Fr.. Emperor - Unsurpassed genius as administrator - 1804: crowned himself emperor -- emperor of french people (new group representing itself as a people and a set of ideas of what it meant to be french) - Distanced himself from ancient bourbon monarchy - Saw his crown not granted by god or heredity -- but believed he was granted the vorwn by grateful people - People craved stability as well as glory he brought to france -- subdued enemies - All enemies of france defeated - and humiliated and savaged by the most brilliant military lead- er - Only england was undefeated -- because napoleon couldn’t imagine war at sea --> france lost warships to english fleet - They didn’t want any additional conflict on english channel -- led to his defeat because he couldn’t drive england out - He wanted to engage in new form of warfare: continental system 1806-- tried to block england off of any kind of support from allies - It was the model in strategic planning --> but could’t work in early 19 c. --> can’t close off continent, still many smugglers - 1812: invaded russia and was annihilated by russian winter; sent back with defeated men - French armies were then defeated in other areas: spain, salamanca -- deafeats of napoleon’s generals - 1813: napolean was defeated in germany - Aura of divine fortune evaporated -- only stall national alliance that tried to add france - 1814: napoleon abdicated; bourbons took back crown and he was taken to elba in isolation (tame) - Battle of waterloo - 100 days - Last 6 years of his life were less confortable --> sent to s.Atlantic, stormy place and died - Napoleon = remembered as military genius - Also: greatest administrators of modern europe --> took ideas of men of enlightenment and turned them into clear laws and regulations that last today - Code napoleon 1804: his mind made sense of french law, church law, roman law - became basis of legal system - Bourbons left his system - stands to today - Created french system of education -- also to today - Designed secondary schools - ensured 6400 places reserved for poor boys (usually they couldn’t afford higher learning, and he wanted talent of all classes to be used for state) + made scholarships - 1813: france had highest number of higher education - All decisions had to be centralized - one great failure --> couldn’t make economy competitive - Napoleon - mercantilist - 1801: made peace with church --> r.c. = official religion of france, but not only one to be sup- ported - Making peace w/ church = spiritual comfort --> reconciled émigrés who thought messing with religion was BAD - Since he allowed catholicism to be practiced = people liked him - Protected jews -- those outside of civil society were welcomed in without any social etc. preju- dices - Kings removed by french - first replaced with republics but after he became emperor in 1804 and made them into kingdoms -- usually his relatives became kings (e.g. His brother became king in naples, then promoted to spain)
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.