Class Notes (836,256)
Canada (509,720)
History (3,264)
HIS109Y1 (536)
Lecture

[32] Appeal of Totalitarianism.doc

5 Pages
121 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS109Y1
Professor
Kenneth Bartlett
Semester
Winter

Description
March 16, 2011 - Hitler - thought he was an artist - Did nothing but roam around Vienna - thinking about how good an artist he would have been - Loner, read a lot - Read anti-semitist, nationalist texts - Social Darwinism =- survival of stronger races at the expense of weaker ones - to become su- permen - General belief - will and race mattered more than rationalism - Anti-Sermitism - powerful part of message - informed racial superiority - Long history of anti-Semitism in central wurope - Not christian anti-Semisitm => racial terms (inferior race) - Categorized by most influential writer - pan-german: evil, weak, racial qualities -- suck natural will and power from master race (i.e. Germans) - Qacuired a powerful following - Even mayor of vienna = elected on anti-Semitic platform - Openly and overtly anti-Semitic - Part of vocab of late 19 ch - When hitler was turned into brutal and anti-sEMITIc tracts + gained hatred of Marxism - True master race: determined by race, power, suropior qualities => survive among europeans and take away those weaker - Marxism = crimes against racial humanity (allow weaker to survive) - Hitler pointed out that problems of european affairs were caused by poltical acts + wrong kind of people in power and making the wrong arguments - Hitler became more disturbed => felt he was cheated by society; society restricted him, ex- pelled from natural postion of society - Blamed society, became hostel => destroy society to build a different kind of world based on different kinds of principles -- pure gERMAN race - WWI - sense of purpose; HItler saw it as meaningful experience - won iron cross (highest medal in Germany) - Once WWI was over - retuned to defeated Germany - He felt germany, like him, was under-recognized - Needed a scapegoat to blame his problems on: Jews and Marxists - Jewish bolshevik conspiracy - stabbed Germany in the back - Leaders of some marxist/communist revolutions = Jewish - B/c of alienation, wasn’t able to become part of mainstram society - became part of extremists/fanatics - Became a natural leader - skill with words + complete ruthlessness - Propelled him to leadership of Nazi party (national socialist worker’s party) - Misfits, ex-soldiers, psychopathic thugs - Tried to pre-empt attack from the right - Hitler was imprisoned because of trying to lead to revlution - Used power of words - defence at trial (e.g. Versailles treaty, jews, marxists, republicans = weakness and lack of racial strength) - to develop cohereant group of ideals to publicise beliefs => Mein Kampf - leader who repretnseted will of people to provide surpieority - Sense of desperation, anger, despair => hitler provided a way out - Nazi victory - sanctioned by people - Hitler’s party - ran candidates in elections - 1928 - 2% of votes -- but it was now a national party, his ideas could be heard in Reichstag - Situation benefitted the Nazis - fragmentation of the world => crash of stock market, growing despair - More and more germans became susceptible to anger and despair - 1930: 6.5 million votes => one of the largest parties in germany - Hitler - one of the most powerful political leaders (everyone had to disuss him in newspapers, even the most liberal) - Nature of proportional voting + parties on the left couldn’t work together => nazis were more influential, very organized, simple solution - 1932: no other party could measure up to Nazi votes - Nazis refused to share a coalition not led by hitler - Communists wouldn’t work with socialists - because soc. Put down communist rev. - Jan 1933 - no party could get legislation through - something needed to break impasse - Right - industrialists, bankers, etc. Managed to convince von hindenberg to elect hitler as leader of german people - Idea: hitler would be controlled by van pappen, a catholic guy - he’d pull the strings but be vice-chancellor - Hitler, however, didn’t want to share power - Hitler and nazis were elected by german people - Feb. 1933 - situation made more desperate: dutch communist set fire the Reichstag - he was a lunatic acting alone - Hitler convinced people this was the bolshevik revolution - Convinced prez (old von hindenberg) to essentially give hirtler complete powet => control of state - Make sure that nazis would only source of authority - March 1933 - elections would, according to hindenberg, reflect the will of german people in this time of crisis - Nazis were elected => hiteler could deal not with probs of gov’t but deal wuth his enemies st - 1 : weimar rep expiement is dead = representation of local gov’t - Logo of nazis - swastika - Total sencorhsip press; no other parties allowed (ledars of them imprisoned) - Prepare for war - Nazi racial theory - became taught as scientifi
More Less

Related notes for HIS109Y1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit