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Lecture 14

Lecture 14 06 11 2012.odt

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University of Toronto St. George
Isabelle Cochelin

Ancient Israel themes • kingship comes from god • anointment • god can withdraw legitimacy from kings • they do horrible htings but everyone thinks theyre necessary greece and rome: freedom and tyranny • harmodius and aristogeiton vs hipparchus and hippias • no shoes on sculpture= hero • athens—heavy language that avoids tyrants • all powers of state in teh hands of one perosn • classical athens in time of democracy—regularly right names on potter shards of ppl most liekly to stage a coo, exile htese people • sparta had 2 kings—hard to kill both and leave htem leaderless, and makesure noone ahs unlimited power • eastern depotent ◦ view of ancient persia—how it was spoken of—1 ruler whose power is so great everyone elses slaves beneath you • Alexandrer the great broke this down • value system continues with kings who claim to be a living god Rome and Kings • roman word for king is rex—avoid calling someone a king although same role • harkland the proud—trusting king kicked out after events portayed on slide—portrayal of rape of lycrecia • rapest son of king—sees the queen in the window, immediatly wants her, manipulates events to be alone with her and rapes her—in second half she tells husband and kills her self to save her honour • men have no choice but avenge whats been done to her—brutus who kills ceasar is named after this ghuy • the guy who kicks out kings and roman republic begins • roman republic structured so no person can monopolize power in their hands—too people with executive power • system of checks and balances inr epublic doesnt work—end up wtih empire and first of these is augustus—even though when you read a history bookk—ceasar seized ontrol of rome marched troops into—when about to announce himself king, senators stab him to death adopted son octavian or augusts, gets complete control of rome, goes out of his way to never claim to be a king and that he wasnt going to be on—calls it a princep—first citizen—senate regular process still has governors, one guy in charge • historian call its emperor • from the wordd imperator—military leader leading city decisions • not a king just a common citizen—hes a ocnsul for many years, hes just a regular citizen which he has power of tribune—statue cupid-- and barfoot—descendant of venus—had this statue portray him self as a god and his divine ancestry but not a king • greek and roman law kings are bad—associated with othe rppls in greek in roman world— barbarian style—avoid being recognized as a king in the case of a roman government germanic kingship • map—be suspicious • kings in germanic model very weak • consentred to powerful ppl underneath them • semi divine ancestry • list of possible con
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