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HIS220Y1 (19)
Lecture 8

lecture 8 09 10 2012.odt

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Isabelle Cochelin

His220 th October 9 2012 • urban community • urban—urbs, town, civitas, positive words ◦ goodness or history written by city people ◦ perspectives of history ◦ urbs—wall or defended by walls ◦ the importance of the determing moment in the rise of the consciousness of a place being distinct from the territory around it ◦ rome discovered—romulus and romus, one born a few moments first decides to take a plough and mark a line in which he wille ventually buiild walls when noone is there, romulus first king of rome plough line for walls, remes decides to step over line at which romulus kills him ◦ remes doesnt respect sacredness of walls, okay he was killed for unpious behaviour • civitas ◦ body of the people who live in walls ◦ first word we have for space • no importance for cities in first part of opera—roman empire are the expression of cities, great mechanissm of which cities belonged in turn the empire becomes a source of organization • experience of the city • link hte experience back to the first act • look at different periods times places areas that become important • but tehy also dissapear • emperors fight, cant depend on central apparatus for stability you find common complaints • rise of islam charlemaine, greater richer centres, blows one by one to live the urban lifestyle, rome itself, saying that ppl feared the city life because fo wartorn history?? not sure • when evidence is sparse we say whatever we want • cities are sterile, by and large dont produce their own food, rural communities create their surplus, rural communities have stabilitiy and protection for what they produce • production of resources to be exchanged allow cities to cover some functions • other functions are cut in different measure, whats a city for? ◦ Around a cathedral, worship function important, rome thrive because of tis religous function ◦ princes to be shown off, ◦ centre for democracy • christian church—residence of a bishop • source of food • new perceptions of public community • cultivate a kind of sociability • court rolls, active sense of own dignity, called serve not bothered still right to speak and act and they do • bring this to them to the urban communities, to what extent is the medeival society a highly participatory place • slavery and our dissabilities a small part of civility • city defends the serf over claim of lord • of the city many are free • respoonsability and assertion over communites outside the walls • city within city have claim over control voer territory around the city • question of relationship very important—questi
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