Class Notes (836,136)
Canada (509,645)
History (3,264)
HIS241H1 (94)

History 241H1_oct1.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Vasilis Dimitriadis

HIS241H1-#6 Lecture The Revolutions of 1830 Congress of Vienna - Supported by Conservatism o Established the balance of power (stability) o Reinstated the monarchy o Suppressed revolution - Ignored Nationalism and Liberalism o Bit them in their arse  Exception of Greek revolution, all defeated New Wave of Revolution in the 1830‟s - Paris, Brussels, Frankfurt, Hambach, Warsaw, Bologna deeply affected o Not in the periphery but the heart of Europe - Liberalism and Nationalism pretty much alive o Ideologies still persisted  Deep roots in Europe (military defeat was not enough) 1. Manifestation throughout Europe France - Reaction & Repression o Louis XVIII and Quadruple Alliance  Strong conservatism 1. 1824, ultras (extreme right) in France in power but mild govn‟t o Charles X  Sept 16, 1824, Charles X, brother of Louis XVIII at the age of 66  Wanted to regain the lost privileges of absolutist monarchy 1. In every aspect, pursue this goal 2. He is not a push-over - Coronation took 5 hours, followed every rule as prescribed by the ancient French tradition - Tried to play the role of an absolute monarch  Granted power to Jesuit Congregation 1. French education (Primary) passed over to the Church 2. secular government - Altar and Crown  Antagonized French middle class and liberal members of aristocracy 1. Vehement to demonstrate church as a central pillar of French society  Defame Church- execution 1. Sacrilege not acceptable  Adamant on paying back the lost land and money to Aristocrats 1. Changing an agreement with French bank 2. Loan sold to French middle class 5% lowered to 3% - Difference billion francs  To pay back aristocracy and high clergy - Antagonized both sides of the political atmosphere  Aristocracy wanted more  Bourgeois indignant o Alexis de Tocqueville  Hatred of religion 1. Caused the downfall of re-established Bourbon monarchy (1 of the key) o Martignac  Maintaining moderate policies 1. Charles X fired Martignac - Formed a new government based solely on ultras  Polignac  Only member to not swear an oath to the constitution  Bourmont  Only general to betray Napoleon at the battle of Waterloo  Head of the army  La Bourdonnaye  Aristocrat associated w/ white terror o Great deal of massacre of republicans and former Napoleon supporters  Ultra conservative government 1. 220/340 members voted against the government - Vote of no-confidence 2. Charles the X suspended the parliament - Postponed the election for two months  Elections held in March  Reconfirmed the opposition against his govn‟t o 25 July, 1830 (Charles X‟s greatest mistake)  Issued four ordinances 1. Suspend the parliament - Dissolve it 2. Call new elections 3. Limit the French vote - Richest of the rich 4. Greater censorship - Eliminate Press  Charles X did not prepare for the military showdown Revolution „Encore‟ - Deposed Charles the X o Son voted in? - Louis Philippe o The new king of France (Bourbon Monarchy ended)  French historian agree that the Revolution of 1830 culminated the France
More Less

Related notes for HIS241H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.