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the french revolution

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Anthony Cantor

Lecture 1The French revolutionThere were many changes in the land map they viewed some citizens as activemen and some passivewoman through this they decided to enslave black citizens in French coloniesThere were many things that became unimaginable that whatever came before could never return The French revolution was not a singular event but a larges motion of change led to the Haitian and American revolution What did the French revolution end ended the old regime The old system of social and political order and privileges The institutions which wounded liberties nobility no feudal regime rank by birth it was an attack on privilege tax exemption offices landended trade guilds unions Catholic Church which they saw as a corporate unionThe relationship between the church and the state changes foreverDYNASTIC DIPLOMACYits not the treaties of princess which govern nations Spain and France both Bourbonno more professional armies no loyal soldiers to the king because the armed people of the French revolution an active citizen to be involved The French revolution changed forever the aristocracy and the Monarchys of Europe When Nepol Restored the monarchy it is a lot weaker and does not have the same power The nature of monarchy was forever transformed The congress of Vienna tried to restore the legitimate rulers however the throne of Louis XVIII was more Nepol then Louis XVIWHAT DID THE REVOLUTION STARTThe national traditionnations not kings were the supreme sources of authority in human affairs Passive subject loyal to a dynasty to an active citizen of a nation EARLY DAYS OF THE REVOLUTION went from king of France to king of the FrenchThe liberal tradition institutions of the state should be rearranges for the good of the citizens LATER DAYS OF THE REVOLUTION universal interest of the French people calling the king to serve themThe popular tradition every French men was an active citizen brought parliamentary life to the general public Violent demonstration and riots the Paris mob secret societies The bureaucratic tradition modern civil service Merit Lecture 2NapoleonNapoleon as a singular figureNapoleon was responsible for many of the changes in Europe not because of the civil code and the society he established but also because of the land changes which he forced social legal and geographical He first came to power 1799there were many descriptions of napoleon napoleons rule although may seem as quick and ambitious Everything he did was in fact thought out and planned out carefully he believed to be liberating the people he was then really loved by romantics and was thought as a hero because of the emotions he brought to powerevery operation must be done according to a system because chance cannot bring about success Napoleonhe never signed up for a religion however believed his life was ruled by a rational and an irrational the split enlightenment or romantic debates his relationship between him and the revolution This depends on what we consider the French revolution do we consider the reign of terror too Sonthe achievements of the revolution were cut short by the radical revolution and napoleon tried to continue equalityliberty and civil codeDeniedthe character of this political institutionstight control of beliefhow he dealt with opposition sure some ofhis reforms were in line with thought of the early revolution however the form of his revolution were like those of the terrorWhen Napoleon came to power he offered peace to Austria and Britainthey rejected itand later napoleon got many military victories and treatiesTHE TREATY OF AMIENS 1802France and Great Britainevacuate certain territories and declare some independent treaty did not cover what happens to many of the territories such as the left side of the Rhine and Holland which were then left in French controlThis allowed them to reshape the German states as they feltit did not guarantee independence to Italian republics which was then left to France as satellite states IMPERIAL RECESS OF 1803Reconstruction of Germany 1803112 neighbouring city states were dissolved and incorporated into others left o about six Frankfurt Augsburg Nuremberg Lubeck Hamburg Bremen main beneficiaries of this were Prussia and Bavaria Baden and Wurttembergled to the strengthening of Prussia which leads to German unificationAfter this the German states looked for France not Prussia or Austria for ruleNapoleon does things to piss off the British because he always believe d the treaty of am amines was only temporary War broke out third coalition Invade Germany past the Rhine riverand created the confederation of the rhineConfederation of the Rhine 1806 created by Napoleon Union of 15 German StatesNapoleon as protectorIncludes every German state except Prussia and Austria formal end to the Holy Roman EmpireAfter this napoleon is president of many independent states And clearly starts to speak of a global empire dependent satellitestates annexed during the French revolution And dependent countries militarly or economicallyLecture 3 NapoleonThe French Revolution and Napoleon A world historical phenomena Heitithe cost of the French revolution overthrow of the monarchy and slavery THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE There were many Lecture 4The Industrial RevolutionDid the French revolution or the industrial revolution have a greater effect on the people They worked together to create the changes The ProcessThere was no direct moment of change as we think of a revolution Not everything changes however things that already existed intensified factories developed from artisanal production Change of setting women working at home began to work in factoriesCauses The agricultural revolution an abundance of natural resources water Started in England Tactical advantageLes a faire policysSuccess in warsRivals believed England smaller area however larger population and trade The trade made them rich every leader has cared about and cared for it as a first priority Mercantilism mercantile SystemththA theory prevalent in Europe during the 17 and 18 centuries asserting that the wealth of nations depends on its possession of precious metals and therefore that the government of a nation must maximize its foreign trade surplus and foster national commercial interests a merchant marine the establishment of colonies etcMaximize wealth by keeping most of the preciousmetals by maximizing taxesAdam smith was against thisThe English work better and harder therefore can withstand competition despite the expense of their labour The critiqueIt did not happen in a bubble there were many inventors working together from different countries The problem of French property rights were too defined The British was very dedicated to their navy and military Lecture 5The Industrial Revolution EconomicMicroeconomics The part of economics concerned with single factors and the effects if individual traditions ex the iron industry or incomeMacroeconomics The part of economics concerned with largescale or general economic factors such as interest rates and national productivity Thomas Malthus 17661834objected to the idea of history as limitless societal improvement The power if population is indefinitely greater then the power of the earth to produce subsistence for men
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