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HIS242H1 - Demographic Transformation - 02-04-13.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Doris Bergen

Demographic Transformation: Migrants, Immigrants, and New Generations, 1950s- 2000s Dirt Pretty Things, dir. Stephen Frears (U.K. 2002) Reproducing a sense of otherness Ostracising immigrants to Europe. Germany had become a bit of a multicultural country More relaxed, tolerant and richer in the experience The nature of Europe being Homogenous never really held true. The historic movement of Europeans moved out of Europe Population of movement in Europe, think of the empires, Ottoman, Russian etc Before WW1 these were empires of swirling languages There were important populations of Muslims in Europe Miniature population movements began before WW2. Nazis used population movements as form of control In 1950’s there was a vast movement change From south to north (from Italy, Yugoslavia to East Germany or Portugal to France) East to West movements, large numbers of East Germans moved West. From north Africa to France, to many African countries moving to Europe Some of the Economic movement was from the notion of temporary migrant labout. Was used to inspire a significant movement of workers that guest workers would be encouraged to move for work on agriculture or the economy. Guest workers were generally young men, would come work, then move back home and bring the money home. Some of them stayed but some brought or made families in the country they worked The contribution they made for the labour and economy to the country they worked Most labourers were crucial in many country because before the war the brith rate was extremely low Rebuilding or economic movement required a lot of workers or labourers 10’s of thousands of Italian workers were brought to Belgium to bring their mines back to life. 1950s: Over the next 10 years the West German government signed agreements with European countries such as Greece, Portugal, and Spain etc. to move to W. Germany as guest workers. Many of these movements were from former colonies or current colonies. In the 1960s – 1969: 600,000 Algerians left Algeria for France. But that number was stil small from all the European workers that moved to France. 1951: Immigration and Government encouraged more people from the Caribbean to Britain (mainly Barbados) about 15,000 1959: These numbers increased 10 times 40% born in Britain, 1970’s a steady increase but those were migrants. There were still conflicts, suggesting that there were too many immigrants of a historically white society changing. In 1948: British Govt. passed a law that citizens of their commonwealth had rights to the British citizenship. A decade later that ended. In 1960s increasingly was not only young men but also women and children came as immigrants. Many of the young men that cam decided to stay. They were concentrated on low-pay fields of work By 1964: Forei
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