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HIS242H1 - Interwar Years -05-02-13.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Doris Bergen

Interwar Years 05/02/2013 11:08:00 A Laboratory on Top of a Graveyard  The opportunities that happened after World War 1  The legacies from the world war Important to look at the decades between WW1 and WW2  There were lasting legacies  Institutions created  Progress made The Bolshevik revolution would not have been possible without the Tsarist one prior Mussolini’s state was also possible because of the shattering effect of the WW1  It was fuelled by expectations in the war. There was the ever presence of death but still provided much possibility for progress The Cabinet if Dr. Caligari  Not categorizable as a German film  Had a desired effect to create an anti war message  The film tells the story of a scientist (Dr. Caligari) who has a sleepwalker who he is able to put into a trance and control his movement. The Doctor controls Cesare (the sleepwalker) to kill people whom he has a grudge against.  Francis tracks these killings back to Caligari, who he finds is in the mental hospital and is in charge there.  There was a request to change the ending where they make Francis an inmate at the hospital and that this whole thing was played in his head.  The film is slightly expressionist.  Set in 1920, they create this world out of whack. Treaty of Versailles  Blamed for everything from the rise of Hitler to WW2 and even the cold war  Germany lost about 10% of it’s territory due to the treaty  The territory of Denmark was due to winning that in the war  Germany lost many of territories due to warfare not because of the treaty  Post-war German territory had larger German and East Prussia separated by Poland  Germans complained about the Polish Corridor through Germany In the fall of 1918 it was Ludendorff and Hindenburg  Kaiser abdicate and that the German’s fight for peace  It was Woodrow Wilson, U.S. President to insist of national self- determination  The idea that nationalities, linguistic groups, religious groups should have the right to their own government  Was his idea to create liberal democracies  Couple with democracy was to be the foundations of
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