Bolshevik Revolution- Oct 25, 1917
1898- Jan Bloch- The Future of War/ Is war now impossible?
- Book prophesizes the future of war. Foresees war as industrial, mass use
of men and technology that would result in a deadlock due to sides
being evenly matched, cannot overpower other.
- Held the minority view that war would be long and prove costly
(human, economic, political)
- Said war would create social unrest, spinoff wars and revolution. Also,
war would destroy the social fabric of warring nations.
- Western War- attrition
- Eastern War- movement- Russians initially advanced but were pushed
back (Tannenberg, Missourian Lakes)
- German and AustHung organize a joint campaign against Russia. Take
Warsaw in 1915 and advance into Poland, Latvia and Lithuania.
Nicolas then assumes control of army (inexperienced).
- Russian Army- massive manpower. (11 million + additional 4 mil) in
field. 18 million reserves
- Army has the human power to fight on but war proves very costly.
1916/7 Russian economy collapses and state is in jeopardy
- Sealed Train- starts in Zurich, ends in Petrograd on April 3 , 1917.
Passage is secured by the Germans which is why Lenin insisted the
train was sealed (prove he had no contact with Germans)
- 2 revolutions; 1 in February (Tsar abdicates to Prov Gov’t), 2 nd in
- Lenin believed the initial Revolution needed to be followed by a
radical, Social Revolution. However, this was a minority view even in
Lenin’s small Bolshevik Party
- Vladimir Ilych Lenin- born in Bulga, Russia. Son of teachers. He was a
lawyer/journalist/political activist. University at Kazan
- Inspired by brother Alexander- executed for failed plo