Class Notes (839,092)
Canada (511,185)
History (3,264)
HIS242H1 (163)
Lecture

History - March 15.docx

3 Pages
42 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIS242H1
Professor
Jennifer Jenkins

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
CRACKS IN THE SOVIET BLOC - No political opposition exists against communist parties in Stalinized countries - No freedom of press, speech, etc. - No policing except for very large force of secret police - National cultures no longer allowed to exist - Characterizations of Stalinization o Replication of Soviet style of government (one party state, total control and power, infiltration of all areas of life by party). Enforced imitation of Soviet political administration and cultural institutions o Absolute obedience to Soviet directives (disobedience, discussion not allowed) o Administrative supervision of other countries by Soviet Russian personnel from Moscow (East Germany example of extreme supervision. For every 65 people, one worked for the secret police) o Bureaucratic arbitrariness (parties claimed to be acting rationally, but do everything but. Especially during purges) o Police terror, not just surveillance, ran amok o Poverty, economic deprivation. Economic resources being redirected into industrialization rather than consumer needs o Colonial-like trade with the Soviet Union o Isolation from non-communist world. Could not travel. Berlin wall in 1961, but before this, only opening in the Iron Curtain o Synthetic Russification, Russomania. Dissemination of Russian language and culture. o A mindless cult of Stalin adulation: later criticized as the “cult of personality” o Widespread social anomie, intellectual stagnation, and ideological sterility - Yugoslavia, the one that got away - Tito o Only postwar communist leader who had the ability to stand up against Stalin and survive the experience o Still a rigid communist o Had led his own communist revolution. Which is why he felt that he should not have to take orders from Russia. Should be partners, rather than Yugoslavia be a servant of Russia o Led partisan army against Nazi occupation of Yugoslavia - In Croatian concentration camp were Serbs, Roma, Jews, Croats political opponents, and others - War against Croatian fascist state and Nazi occupiers very bloody, very vicious - About a million members of the partisan army - Tito emerges at end of the war as absolute leader of very large communist party o Had been militarily victorious o Only party talking about a multiethnic Yugoslavia (Tito himself a Croat) - 1942 -> Declares his partisans as the anti-fascist council of liberation - 1943 -> Declare selves head of Yugoslavian government - Seen by Stalin as a competitor who needs to be removed - Djilas (Conversations with Stalin) a minister in Tito’s new communist government o Born in Montenegro o Became communist as a student in Belgrade o Spent a lot of time in jail for political activities - Communism seen as a very real alternative to authoritarian government of the 1930s - Very generational thing - Djilas saw communism as a way to fight Nazism - Communism very popular force in this way at the end of the war - Djilas -> What happens to this idea of communism when it runs against Soviet communism - Soviet Union, “the world centre of revolution”. Later views it with much more doubt. - How could there b
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit