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HIS250Y1 (21)
Lecture

Emancipation Lecture

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Department
History
Course
HIS250Y1
Professor
Alison Smith
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 5 (II) Monday, January 24 , 2011 Emancipation Reform Emancipation of the serfs and the larger affect of it and the politicalsocial consequences Reform that doesnt go far enough Peasant society before emancipation Increase in population Private serfs were decreasing in proportion of the total peasants Interest in communal structures o Seen as very important by both the peasants and those writing about them o Mir = the world, the village community, the peasant community, communal responsibility o Skhod = village assembly, heads of households got together to discuss problems. Landlord in a serf community could intervene in this skhod o But usually when theres so many the landlord doesnt care o Justice is seen locally o Self-government o Tax payments are a communal responsibility o The way they deal with land o Tiaglo (a) = a measure of labour unit (1 man, 1 woman) this was measured to see how much land should be allotted to each household o This is usually shuffled around depending o Repartitional and commune o They would change the allotments o If they tianglo has changed o This is seen as an insurance against poverty o Making sure people have enough land to survive o Criticized because if your land could be given to your neighbor and therefore have less willingness to maintain the land for the next planting season Soul tax state mandated tax-per male soul obrok payment in grain or money (but the grain payment faded out) Barshchina work on lands and the produce goes to the landowner Obrok north of Russia - because lands were not that good Otkhod walking away leaving the village to work somewhere else ex. Stone masons, carpenters need a passport to do this usually go to St. Petersburg or Moscow State peasants were governed by a ministry Private serfs were governed by land owners (nobles) www.notesolution.com
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