Lecture 9 – The Aftermath of Conquest
Under leadership of General James Wolfe, a massive military expedition assembled at Louisberg
over the winter of 1758-9.
After several back and forth encounters and mortally wounded commanders the British finally
breached the defensive position that the French had enjoyed for over a century.
In early September of 1760 General Jeffrey Amherst forced the surrender of Montreal, the final
The British occupation of Canada was governed by 55 articles of capitulation before matters
were finally settles with the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
France gave up much of its North American territory rights in exchange for fishing rights in
Newfoundland and surrounding area.
The British government created the proclamation of 1763 in deal with American policy in North
America. It enforced how territories would be governed by British law.
The proclamation enraged American colonials especially in issues such as limiting American
It became apparent that policy could not be executed by Britain while they were isolated
The proclamation basic policy was not to populate what is now Canada with emigrants from
other mother countries.
From the Proclamation to the Rebellion
In Nova Scotia Governor Charles Lawrence took advantage of a parliamentary grant and
recruited over 8,000 Yankees to the area.
In 1765 a stamp act came into effect putting a tax on all paper used in legal transactions.
By 1767, a detailed census of Nova Scotia showed a heterogeneous population was taking place
consisting of 11, 228 Protestants and 2,236 Catholics.
The Island of Saint John was distributed to