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HIS263Y1 (268)
Lecture 9

Lecture 9.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Bohaker/ Penfold

Lecture 9 – The Aftermath of Conquest Under leadership of General James Wolfe, a massive military expedition assembled at Louisberg over the winter of 1758-9. After several back and forth encounters and mortally wounded commanders the British finally breached the defensive position that the French had enjoyed for over a century. In early September of 1760 General Jeffrey Amherst forced the surrender of Montreal, the final French stronghold. The British occupation of Canada was governed by 55 articles of capitulation before matters were finally settles with the Treaty of Paris in 1763. France gave up much of its North American territory rights in exchange for fishing rights in Newfoundland and surrounding area. The British government created the proclamation of 1763 in deal with American policy in North America. It enforced how territories would be governed by British law. The proclamation enraged American colonials especially in issues such as limiting American western expansion. It became apparent that policy could not be executed by Britain while they were isolated overseas. The proclamation basic policy was not to populate what is now Canada with emigrants from other mother countries. From the Proclamation to the Rebellion In Nova Scotia Governor Charles Lawrence took advantage of a parliamentary grant and recruited over 8,000 Yankees to the area. In 1765 a stamp act came into effect putting a tax on all paper used in legal transactions. By 1767, a detailed census of Nova Scotia showed a heterogeneous population was taking place consisting of 11, 228 Protestants and 2,236 Catholics. The Island of Saint John was distributed to
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