Lecture 18 – Looking West and North
By mid-century there were signs of Canadian interest in the West which was currently in the
monopoly of the fur trade.
In 1848 Vancouver was established as a British colony. Up until then it had been leased out to
the Hudson Bay Company.
A report maintained that for much of the West the continuation of the trading monopoly of the
Company was desirable and appropriate.
Two scientific expeditions one British and one Canadian ended the public’s opinion that the vast
region was utterly unfit for human habitation. Both reports acknowledged that there was great
agricultural potential of the West once opened by a railway.
In 1857 the discover