Class Notes (837,434)
Canada (510,272)
History (3,264)
HIS263Y1 (268)
Lecture 20

Lecture 20 and 21.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Bohaker/ Penfold

Lecture 20 and 21 – Road to Confederation and Making the Dominion Road to Confederation Reasons for considering Confederation - Pressure from Britain for unification of colonies - Public debt (railway) - Political deadlock - Desire to acquire Northwest - Fear of American annexation The Trent Affair – Nov, 1861, American warship seized two confederate envoys on their way to England to secure resistance for the South The Great Coalition – Union of Canada East and Canada West to form a federation. Led by Brown and Macdonald Charlottetown Conference – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and PEI consider union among themselves. Afraid of being drawn into religious struggles between Canada East and West they begin talks and organize a meeting to push for self unification. Quebec Conference – Delegates present 72 resolutions, these became the British North America Act. Debate over Confederation Debate between the Canadas, Antoine Dorion felt English Canada was presenting confederation as a tool for their own gain. Felt English/Canadian representation from Canada West and the Maritimes would outnumber French representation. George Cartier tried to prove confederation would be political and not cultural as much of the French population thought. Final vote on Confederation, 91 For and 33 Against Atlantic Canada Relucatant A.J. Swith, opposition leader, led the anti-confederation forces in New Brunswick. He argued that it would undermine New Brunswick to only 15 seats in parliament. Joseph Howe argued that Nova Scotia would lose its identity in the Confederation, he favoured colonial ties to Britain. PEI felt confederation offered very little substance. It would mean higher taxes and higher tariffs. External Pressures By 1865 only Canada West was in full favour of Confederation. All 4 Maritime Provinces opposed and Canada East has serious reservations. British Support for Confederation Britain wanted to reduce its expensive role in protecting its colonies. Britain agreed to the loan interest for the intercolonial railway if the Maritimes joined Confederation. American Contribution In 1865 some American politicians advocated using their experienced army to annex the BNA colonies. Fenian Raids – Group of Irish republicans wanted to capture BNA colonies and hold them as ransom to liberate Ireland from British rule. The fear of American annexation pushed the population towards
More Less

Related notes for HIS263Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.