Class Notes (836,960)
Canada (509,983)
History (3,264)
HIS263Y1 (268)
Mc Kim (26)

Lecture 2

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Mc Kim

HIS263 Sept 16 • Optimism and pride in English speaking Canadians o Pro imperialism o The British Empire as the vehicle of scientific, technological, economic, political and legal progress o Aboriginal societies seen as unchanging, timeless, and primitive Opposite is true: they are very complex and sophisticated o Various changes seen through North America • The Lay of the Land o Population, original settlement, disease • Population circa 1500 o North America and South America as a whole: 100 Million o North America: 500,000 – 2 million o Pacific coast – 200,000 + o How did they get there? o Diversity: different stories of creation and where people came from • Original Settlement o Archeological view: 50,00 – 10,000 years ago, people of Asiatic descent arrived in America through Beringia – the land bridge o 50 different linguistic groups in North America actually 12 groups, but dialects make a difference o mostly along Pacific coast agriculture and access to fishing • Disease o Disease from other parts of the world unknown to Aboriginals o Changed when Europeans came o Small pox and measles 95% of population wiped out • Before the arrival of colonizers circa 1500 o Huge changes on North America o Southern Ontario and Western new York Sparsely populated hunted for survival end of ice age and warm weather brought changes global, demographic, soc
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