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HIS263Y1 (268)

Feb 3 lecture

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University of Toronto St. George
Heidi Bohaker

Lecture 8 2311 World War I: The Home Front Governments War o Government moved into controlling unprecedented areas of Canadian life o War Measures Act controlled actions of enemy aliens had to make monthly reports to police, or threatened with internment o Government censored the Foreign Language Press o Ethnic groups who arrived in Laurier period, their newspapers were much more censored o September 1918 had to get newspapers approved before printing banned many foreign organizations o Government also moved to regulate economy o By 1916-17 government became more intrusive in economic life o 1917 first income tax o June 1917 Fuel & Food Controller regulate production, distribution, and consumption of food and fuel o Censorship and propaganda War and Community o War is community mobilization o Methodist Church mobilized in favor of the war with sermons, preaching about biblical battles, etc. o Schools interwove war into curriculum one Ottawa teacher made school musical about Canada contributed to the Great War o 9 boys with wooden rifles represented the 9 provinces o One school teacher thought of every arithmetic problem solved, the student would capture a German 30 points and get promoted to officer, etc. o Women worked to promote the war Red Cross, IODE (International Order of Daughters) collect massive amount of clothing, food, made bandages, etc. o Many new organizations were created during the war period
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