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Canada (492,708)
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HIS263Y1 (268)
Mc Kim (26)


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University of Toronto St. George
Mc Kim

Lecture 2 September 16, 2010 We Have Lived Here Since the World Began Sense of optimism and pride by English speaking Canadians in Canadas cultural and extensive links to the British Empire. The British Empire was a vehicle of advancement or progress. Things are moving onward and generally getting better. Implicit within that sense of pride was the notion that other peoples including the indigenous people were not progressive. They took for granted that the British empire was grand. The indigenous people were outside of time and history itself. Indigenous societies were primitive and unchanging. They witnessed considerable change over time. I. The lay of the land population; original settlement, impact of disease II. Classifying Northern North Americas Aboriginals difficulty of classification Population c. 1500 Americas as a whole 100 M. Northern North America: 500,000 2M (pacific coast). Various aboriginal communities had widely diverse mythology. Lots of creation accounts, stories that explain where people came from. One common denominator was that the people originated here in all the creation stories. Creation stories are important. The people who originated somewhere in asia arrived in the Americas and showed up between 60,000 and 5,000 years ago. Original Settlement Beringia (bridge that linked Russia with Alaska): Bering Strait. There was an ice age, as a result sea levels lowered and exposed land that connected Russia with Alaska and allowed these peoples to migrate. There was at least 50 different linguistic groups in what is now Canada. There were 12 groups. High populations in the pacific coast were also due to the fact that harmful diseases that existed elsewhere in other parts of the world were entirely unknown to north Americas aboriginal people. This would change with European colonizers beginning in the late 15 century. Disease measles; smallpox with which the aboriginals were unfamiliar ravaged the population, so much so that by the early 20 century, 95% of the population was wiped out. Change happens overtime in north America before the European colonizers. The small people due to the cold climates primarily rely on the hunting of caribou
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