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HIS263Y1 (268)


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Heidi Bohaker

HIS263 Feb 10 The two Twenties The Elusive Twenties The image of the Twenties is often very optimistic Cars and fashion and other forms of popular culture begin to explode But there was also unrest, uncertainty and pessimism We tend to think of phenomenon and tie them to a decade We use decades as containers of phenomena and these dont always correlate The Search for Political Stability The first half of the twenties can be recognized as a search for political stability This period produced the first minority government in Canadian history The Progressives appear on the scene as a separate political party William Lloyd Mackenzie King takes over for Laurier after his death in 1919 He faces challenges from the west and particularly from the east (The Maritimes Rights Movement) The Rights Movement is a coalition of a variety of social group, particularly business interest This flowed form the declining economic and political power of the maritime provinces The Maritimes population was growing too slowly compared to the rest of Canada The maritime economy had moved into a period of long term stagnation, particularly the industrial economy They tied these grievances to emerging regional patriotism They argues for high tariffs to protect maritime industry and for better railway rates to encourage trade They argues this points for an economic interest and also because it tied the economy from the east to the west The Progressives broke from the existing party structure but the Maritimes worked from within the structure and appeared as liberal until 1925, when they switched to the conservatives In 1921, King was in a difficult situation King required the support of the progressives from the west who wanted lower tariffs and from the east, the Maritimes, who wanted to higher tariffs However, King is an amazing Politian and a master of building the coalition building games Kings solution was to largely ignore the Maritime movement and to cater to the moderate progressives King uses Royal Commissions to his advantage The effect of this strategy is initially to continue the instability The Assault on Prohibition Prohibition was enacted in all provinces except Qubec Canada was dry as of the end of WWI
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