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the royal takeover and the transformation of new france

4 Pages

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Mc Kim/ Penfold

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The Royal Takeover and the Clash of Empires I. The Royal Takeover 1661: Louis XIV, Sun King: rises to the thrown of France. He is an absolutist monarch, which means that there is an effortdesire to concentrate all authority in the hands of one individual to exert absolute power His absolutist tendencies are demonstrated in one statement: I am the state Continued to govern in an absolute approach until his death He is known as the Sun King as he was the center of everything; he embodies the power and grandeur of the French state; this is evident in his conduct Like his predecessor, he was a strong believer in the economic philosophy of mercantilism. Broadly speaking, it is essentially state control of the economy; however, there is a more precise definition: colonies existed in order to benefit the Mother Country. He follows with this policy J.B Colbert: minister of the marine; he is they colonial minister. Oversees the ministration of Frances colonies, including NF They seek to transform NF and turn it into a French province. They seek to export to north America the governmental structure, and economic systems that exist in France itself. This desire finds expression in the royal takeover in 1663. Prior to 1663, NF had various characteristics (3): French imperial authorities interesting in promoting settlement (migration), wanted to participate in commercial activity with indigenous populations (trade), missionary prders were interested in penetrating indigenous population and win them over in hope of saving their souls with Christianity However, it is scattered. Main objectives: bring these different characteristics under the umbrella of the absolutist French state. Consolidate French empire Governmental change: impose on NF the governmental structures of France itself. At the top of the structure was Louis himself. They key ideological justification that allows him to occupy this position is something called the divine right of kinfs: notion that maintains that political authority stems from divinity (God himself), rather than consent from people. God rules over earth, but so too do monarchs rule over their subjects. Sees himself as the embodiment of the state, because he has been given the right to rule from God. Day to day administration is done by other people (in particular, people located in the colony itself who exercise political authority) 3 key figures who controlled the political development of NF: Governor (military officer, and also someone of noble birth). The governor is the supreme authority within NF itself. Responsible for military and diplomatic affairs. Intendant: an immensely important figure, while technically not important as the governor. He, is responsible for civil administration (finances, illegal affairs, etc) Roman Catholic Bishop: Authority is limited. There were concerns that the
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