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HIS263Y1 (268)
Lecture 12

Lecture 12 - Upper Canada

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Heidi Bohaker

Upper Canada: Society, Politics + Economy to 1837 Society  Immigration Patterns - huge influx of immigration to Canada to Upper Canada and the USA migration stops because they wanted to go West (less cold) and there was an anti-American prejudice against them coming --- runaway slaves kept coming. By 1842 1/3 of all people in Upper Canada had been born in Britain (recent immigrants). After the War of 1812 the population of Upper Canada 95,000 people - 10 ys later the population is 157,000 and in 1837 the population was 400,000. Native people becoming marginalized, and relations becoming strained again.  Settlement Patterns - People begin filling in the land leading out from the lakes. Didn't settle too far north because of Canadian Shield = no farm. In Toronto, everything North of Queen St. is farm.  Class, Rank and Culture - relative wealth classification, not really correct talking about class, it is more like a ranking system. People who were "landed" had the highest rank, even lawyers and doctors considered less. Deffrence means you owed condescendance to those in a lower rank than yourself. Tension emerging in society between recognizing rank, and he newer way of recognizing standing through wealth. 1791, the constitution of Upper Canada said it would have a huge "landed" class = more refinements and fashion. The British appointed governor appointed these men as his advisors on the legislative council and upper chamber.  Religion - mattered whether you wanted it to or not. Puralism within Christianity. Anglican have state-funded church. Only church that got that kind of support. The others had to depend on their congregations to support themselves. Should there be a state-supported religion? = source of tension. Alcohol vs Temperance. Temperance began in France in response to the crisis of public drunkeness. Half a million people took the pledge between 1820 and 1870, and although it didn't work entirely, it did change public drinking habits. Chritian denominations came together and agreed on it Politics  Post War "Loyalism" - was about the balanced British constitution. Aristocracy was the Brit
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