Upper Canada: Society, Politics + Economy to 1837
Immigration Patterns - huge influx of immigration to Canada to Upper Canada and the
USA migration stops because they wanted to go West (less cold) and there was an
anti-American prejudice against them coming --- runaway slaves kept coming. By 1842
1/3 of all people in Upper Canada had been born in Britain (recent immigrants). After
the War of 1812 the population of Upper Canada 95,000 people - 10 ys later the
population is 157,000 and in 1837 the population was 400,000. Native people becoming
marginalized, and relations becoming strained again.
Settlement Patterns - People begin filling in the land leading out from the lakes. Didn't
settle too far north because of Canadian Shield = no farm. In Toronto, everything North
of Queen St. is farm.
Class, Rank and Culture - relative wealth classification, not really correct talking about
class, it is more like a ranking system. People who were "landed" had the highest rank,
even lawyers and doctors considered less. Deffrence means you owed condescendance
to those in a lower rank than yourself. Tension emerging in society between recognizing
rank, and he newer way of recognizing standing through wealth. 1791, the constitution
of Upper Canada said it would have a huge "landed" class = more refinements and
fashion. The British appointed governor appointed these men as his advisors on the
legislative council and upper chamber.
Religion - mattered whether you wanted it to or not. Puralism within Christianity.
Anglican have state-funded church. Only church that got that kind of support. The
others had to depend on their congregations to support themselves. Should there be a
state-supported religion? = source of tension. Alcohol vs Temperance. Temperance
began in France in response to the crisis of public drunkeness. Half a million people took
the pledge between 1820 and 1870, and although it didn't work entirely, it did change
public drinking habits. Chritian denominations came together and agreed on it
Post War "Loyalism" - was about the balanced British constitution. Aristocracy was the