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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 - The Far North

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Department
History
Course
HIS263Y1
Professor
Heidi Bohaker
Semester
Fall

Description
The Far North, the Northwest, the Northwest Coast to the Mid- 19th Century  Running out of land so people begin moving northward  Railroad to settle the West easier  Late 1500s and re-emerges in the 19th century - John Franklin to the Northwest Passage and his team disappears until they find the remains  Think about how people are seeing the land as a tremendous source of resources  Extent of knowledge of the North was very sparse - much of Canada was unmapped by non-Native peoples - only mapped the riverway areas The Far North  Most recently occupied area in the world but still millions of years  Tremendous historic and climate change  Inuit oral traditions  England wants to find a passage to China though the polar regions - search to the East and to the West  1577-1578 Frobisher gets to Baffin Island and thinks it is Asia  1578 single largest polar expedition until 2000 1/10 of the entire British Naval fleet, take several thousand tons of ore, but find out it is fool's gold  John Davis 1587  Henry Hudson - 1610-1611 - he thinks he found the Northwest passage and his crew mutinied  Little Ice Age 1550-1850 - winters are hard and people start moving  Whalers chase whales up into the Arctic  Then the British try the Pacific coast and get up to Alaska  1820s after the Napoleonic Wars and want to find the Northwest Passage  Franklin Expedition - Planned to be gone for 3 years, got trapped in the ice and they set out on foot and all perished and went crazy from lead poisoning  John Rae went overland up the peninsula and met the local people who had found artefacts from the ship and heard of cannibalism amongst the British - blamed the Inuit  Hudson's Bay Company is formed - Charles II gave the excusive monopoly on trade and all of the interior of Canada into the Rocky Mountains and North to the watershed  Subarctic and plains first nations are very distinct - stereotypical image of long-feathered headdress and on horses 1730s when horses escaped to the plains - the plains weren't heavily occupied until horses so the Natives could travel further The Interior and Subarctic  Lie that the Natives wanted to trade right away and depended on the trade  "All humans follow the same economic laws - as p
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